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  1. Family: Thymelaeaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Peddiea Harv.
      1. Peddiea fischeri Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Thymelaeaceae, B. Peterson (University of Göteborg). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or understorey tree up to 6(–10) m. high.
    Branches
    Branches glabrous; bark brownish, sometimes striated.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate; petiole 2–6 mm. long; leaf-blade lanceolate, oblanceolate or elliptical, cuneate at the base, (30–)65–160(–230) mm. long, (10–)22–50(–68) mm. wide, obtuse to acute, membranous to subcoriaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an umbel, (5–)8–12(–26)-flowered; peduncle 6–50 mm. long; bracts lanceolate to ovate, 6–12 mm. long, ciliate, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–5-merous, white or yellowish green, sometimes reddish at base; pedicel 5–20 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 8–15 mm. long, glabrous; lobes ovate, 1–2.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, sparsely to densely pubescent at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens of the upper whorl included or slightly exserted; anthers ± 1 mm., sessile or subsessile.
    Pistil
    Ovary densely hairy at top, 1.5–3 mm. long; disc 0.3–1.5 mm., sometimes very minute or missing, undulate or irregularly lobed, sparsely or densely ciliate at top; style 1–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 8–15 mm. long, 6–10 mm. wide, reddish, hairy at top.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/1–8.
    Habitat
    Forest understorey, margins, associated bushland and thickets, sometimes along rivers; 950–2400 (?–3000) m.
    Distribution
    Guinée to Cameroun, Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Malawi, Zambia, Angola K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4
    [FWTA]

    Thymelaeaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree
    Flowers
    Flowers white to yellowish green
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Kenya.
    Habit
    Slender stemmed shrub up to 4 m or small, much branched tree 3–6(10) m tall Slender stemmed shrub up to 4 m or small, much branched tree 3–6(10) m tall.
    Branches
    Branches glabrous; bark greyish or brownish, sometimes striated Branches glabrous; bark greyish or brownish, sometimes striated.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petioles 2–6 mm long; lamina (30)60–165 × (10)20–50(62) mm, lanceolate, oblanceolate or elliptic, cuneate or obtuse at the base, obtuse to acute at the apex, membranous to coriaceous; midrib prominent beneath Leaves with petioles 2–6 mm long; lamina (30)60–165 × (10)20–50(62) mm, lanceolate, oblanceolate or elliptic, cuneate or obtuse at the base, obtuse to acute at the apex, membranous to coriaceous; midrib prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 5–22-flowered, umbellate; peduncle 10–40 mm long; bracts 4–10 mm long, lanceolate to ovate, ciliate, caducous Inflorescence 5–22-flowered, umbellate; peduncle 10–40 mm long; bracts 4–10 mm long, lanceolate to ovate, ciliate, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream or yellowish-green, pale brown when old; pedicel 4–18 mm long, glabrous Flowers cream or yellowish-green, pale brown when old; pedicel 4–18 mm long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 6–14 mm long, attenuated, sometimes rounded at the base, glabrous; lobes 1–2.5 × 1–2 mm, ovate, sparsely pubescent at the apex Calyx tube 6–14 mm long, attenuated, sometimes rounded at the base, glabrous; lobes 1–2.5 × 1–2 mm, ovate, sparsely pubescent at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely hairy at summit, 1.5–3 mm long; disk 0.3–1.5 mm long, sometimes minute or missing, undulate or irregularly lobed, sparsely or densely ciliate at top; style 1.5–4 mm long
    Ecology
    Frequent in rain-forest undergrowth, woodland margins, by streams, and on rocky mountain slopes; up to 2000 m.
    Note
    Peddiea fischeri and P. africana are very closely related. The collection of West 6837 from Zimbabwe (Chimanimani, Peni) is intermediate between P. africana and P. fischeri. The geographical ranges of these two species are not otherwise overlapping and they might be better interpreted as subspecies. White, Dowsett-Lemaire & Chapman in Evergreen Forest Flora of Malawi (1998) have combined them as P. africana without infraspecific subdivision.
    Distribution
    Also in Dem. Rep. Congo, Sudan, Kenya, Angola, Guinea, Cameroon, Togo and Sierra Leone; extending southwards to South Africa (Mpumalanga to Eastern Cape Province) and Swaziland. Zambia Mozambique Malawi ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N
    Stamens
    Stamens of the upper whorl included or slightly exserted; anthers c. 1 mm long, sessile or subsessile. Stamens of the upper whorl included or slightly exserted; anthers c. 1 mm long, sessile or subsessile
    Pistil
    Ovary densely hairy at summit, 1.5–3 mm long; disk 0.3–1.5 mm long, sometimes minute or missing, undulate or irregularly lobed, sparsely or densely ciliate at top; style 1.5–4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 7–15 mm × 5–10 mm, ovoid, reddish at maturity, hairy at top. Fruit 7–15 mm × 5–10 mm, ovoid, reddish at maturity, hairy at top.
    [FWTA]
    Use
    Used in live fences in Bamenda.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Peddiea fischeri Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Luke, W.R.Q. [11340], Tanzania K000545403
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8071], Zambia 31115.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [394], Uganda 18412.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4240], Angola 73049.000
    Zenker [155], Cameroon K000252492
    Fries, R.E. [1613], Kenya K000252500 isotype
    Whyte, A. K000322506 holotype
    Buchanan, J. [536] K000322505 isotype
    Fischer [541] K000322501 Unknown type material
    Fischer [541] K000322502 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [429], Mozambique K000613865
    Patel, H. [7382], Mozambique K000613644
    Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614361
    Timberlake, J. [5272], Mozambique K000614001
    Timberlake, J. [5120], Mozambique K000613500
    Mphamba, S. [29], Mozambique K000613725
    Mphamba [67], Mozambique K000614285
    Bussner [287], Togo Peddiea longiflora K000252493

    Bibliography

    First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891: 310 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Peterson, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Thymelaeaceae: 1-37.
    • Robyns, A. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Thymelaeaceae: 1-68. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Not accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438. [Cited as Peddiea africana.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 13: 337 (1935).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 249

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • F.T.E.A., Thymelaeaceae: 12, fig. 4/1–8 (1978).
    • Fl. Afr. Centr., Thymelaeaceae: 34, t. 6 (1975).
    • White, For. Fl. Northern Rhodesia: 272, t. 48 (1962).
    • Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 63 (1954).
    • Bull. Jard. Bot. État 13: 337 (1935).
    • Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afrika: 310 (1892).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • A. Robyns in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Thymelaeaceae: 34, t. 6 (1975).
    • Archangelsky in Kuprianova, Pollen Morphology: 142, t. 4/11–12 (1971).
    • J.G. Adam in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., sér. B, Bot., 20: 276, t. 44 (1971).
    • Aymonin in Fl. Cameroun 5: 45, t. 6 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 272, fig. 48 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 557 (1961).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 425 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 610 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 654, t. 68 (1948).
    • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 337 (1935).
    • H.H.W. Pearson in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 249 (1910).
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 310 (1892).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0