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  1. Family: Aquifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Ilex Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ilex fargesii Franch.

        Ilex fargesii was named after the French missionary Paul Farges, who collected the plant in eastern Sichuan (China) at the end of the 19th century. Farges's holly was introduced into cultivation in Britain by Ernest Wilson who sent seeds back from west Hubei to Messrs Veitch and Son (of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries) in 1900. This holly eventually forms a small, evergreen tree, with distinctive, narrow leaves.

    [KSP]

    Kew Species Profiles

    General Description
    Farges's holly, named after the French missionary Paul Farges, is a Chinese holly with glossy dark green leaves and fragrant white flowers, followed by red berries.

    Ilex fargesii was named after the French missionary Paul Farges, who collected the plant in eastern Sichuan (China) at the end of the 19th century. Farges's holly was introduced into cultivation in Britain by Ernest Wilson who sent seeds back from west Hubei to Messrs Veitch and Son (of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries) in 1900. This holly eventually forms a small, evergreen tree, with distinctive, narrow leaves.

    Species Profile
    Geography and distribution

    Native to western and central China, where it is found in Sichuan, south Gansu, west Hubei, Hunan and south Shaanxi provinces, at 1,500-3,000 m above sea level.

    Description

    Overview:  An evergreen shrub or small tree up to 8 m high, with stout young branches.

    Leaves: The leathery leaves are spineless, narrow, up to 12 cm long, dark green on the upper side and lighter green below, with a few incurved teeth at the apex of the leaf.

    Flowers/fruits:  The white flowers appear in May. The male flowers are reported to be fragrant and the female flowers are followed in the autumn by small, round, red fruits, carried in groups in the leaf axils.

    Uses

    Farges's holly is cultivated as an ornamental. It is one of more than 1,000 plant species collected in China at the beginning of the 20th century by Ernest 'Chinese' Wilson (1876-1930).

    Millennium Seed Bank: Seed storage

    Kew's Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life world wide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault.

    Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank: One

    This species at Kew

    Ilex fargesii can be seen growing along Holly Walk and in the Woodland Garden near the Temple of Aeolus at Kew, and in Westwood Valley at Wakehurst. Some specimens have been grown from seed collected by Kew staff (including Tony Kirkham) during expeditions to Sichuan (in 1996 and 2001).

    Pressed and dried specimens of Ilex fargesii are held in Kew's Herbarium where they are available to researchers by appointment. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue.

    Distribution
    China
    Ecology
    In thickets, woodlands and forests on mountain slopes.
    Conservation
    Not known to be threatened.
    Hazards

    None known.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Farges’s holly

    Other Data

    Ilex fargesii Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 30, 1895 Wilson, E.H. [1827 a], Hubei Ilex fargesii var. brevifolia K000669408 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 255 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.432.1.5/38527 epublication.
    • Hong, D.Y. (2015). A taxonomical revision of Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) in the Pan-Himalaya and unraveling its distribution patterns Phytotaxa 230: 151-171.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

    Literature

    Kew Species Profiles

    • The Plant List (2010). Ilex fargesii.
    • Andrews, S. (1986). The Ilex fargesii complex. Kew Mag. ( Curtis’s Bot. Mag.) 3: 127-135.

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.432.1.5/38527 epublication.
    • Hong, D.Y. (2015). A taxonomical revision of Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) in the Pan-Himalaya and unraveling its distribution patterns Phytotaxa 230: 151-171.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0