1. Family: Cannabaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Celtis L.
      1. Celtis adolfi-friderici Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Uganda.

    [FWTA]

    Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, to 110 ft. high
    Slash
    Slash cream with brown spots.
    [FTEA]

    Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Large semi-deciduous monoecious tree, up to 36 m. tall, with buttresses.
    Twigs
    Twigs pubescent or almost glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, oblong-elliptic, 10.5–16 cm. long, 5–8 cm. wide, shortly acuminate, rounded and unequal-sided at the base, entire, glabrous or with a few hairs on the veins beneath, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending almost to the apex and the upper prominent lateral nerves 1–2 on each side of the midrib; petiole 5–18 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules small, ± 3 mm. long, shortly produced below the point of attachment, pubescent, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 1–4 cm. long in flower, up to 6 cm. in fruit, axillary or at the nodes below; lower ones with many clustered ♂ flowers; upper ones with several hermaphroditeand ♀ flowers at the top.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, 1–1.5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary pubescent with a ring of longer hairs at the base; styles branched, 3–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits ovoid to obovoid, 15–18(–20) mm. long, 13–15(–18) mm. across, red, glabrescent.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest; 600–900 m.
    Distribution
    U2 Sudan and Congo Republics to Ivory Coast

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Celtis adolfi-friderici Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11667], Cameroon K000199812
    Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11039], Cameroon K000199813
    Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11913], Cameroon K000199811
    Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11798], Cameroon K000199814
    Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [998], Cameroon K000197962
    Chevalier, A. [22.575], Ivory Coast K000243031 Unknown type material
    Chevalier, A. [22.575], Ivory Coast K000243032

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 308 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1966). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ulmaceae: 1-14.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 44 (as “C. adolphi-friderici”).
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 27, t. 2, 7–9 (as “C. adolfi-frederici”)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 1: 423 (as “C. adolfi-frederici”)
    • F.T.A. 6, 2: 9 (as “C. adolphi-friderici”)
    • Bot. Jahrb. 43: 308 (1909)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 19: 143 (1964).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 592 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 253 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 430, fig. 89a (1952).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 44 (1948).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 46 (1948).
    • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 9 (1916).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 14 (1915).
    • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 179, t. 16A–D (1911)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 308 (1909)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0