1. Family: Cannabaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Celtis L.
      1. Celtis mildbraedii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FTEA]

    Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Evergreen or deciduous monoecious tree, 3–45 m. tall, with sharp buttresses and pale smooth bark, scaling in small discs.
    Twigs
    Young twigs tawny pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, elliptic or more usually obovate to obovate-oblong, 6.5–15 cm. long, 4.5–6 cm. wide, long-acuminate, ± cuneate and unequal-sided at the base, obscurely to distinctly and coarsely toothed in the upper half, glabrescent except for a few hairs on the veins beneath, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending little into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 3–6 on each side of the midrib; petiole 3–7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes short, 5–15 mm. long in flower, up to 30 mm. in fruit, mostly with many clustered ♂ flowers and usually only 1 longer pedicelled ♀ or hermaphroditeflower at the top, but the uppermost cymules with several hermaphrodite flowers.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, 1–2 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglabrous, often with a few hairs in a ring at the base; styles 1–2-branched, 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits on 8–13(–20) mm. long pedicels, ovoid-ellipsoid, conspicuously 4-ribbed when dried, 7–10 mm. long, 5–7 mm. across, red, glabrous.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest; 300–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K5 K7 T3 T6 U2 U3 U4 Sudan and Congo Republics to Angola and West Africa
    [FZ]

    Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Evergreen or deciduous tree 3–40 m. tall, monoecious; branches often drooping; bole with buttresses, bark pale smooth or scaling in small disks; young twigs tawny-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves (7.5)9–15 x 4–5(8) cm., elliptic to elliptic-obovate; apex long acuminate, ± mucronate; base cuneate, slightly asymmetrical; margin obscurely crenate to coarsely dentate in the upper half; lamina chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, venation as in C. gomphophylla but upper lateral nerves beneath less strongly prominent than the midrib, making an angle of more than 45 degrees with the midrib; very young leaves sparsely tawny-pubescent, soon glabrous; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate, tawny-pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 4–15 mm. long, of many, rarely few, often crowded male flowers with pedicels up to 2 mm. long, female and bisexual flowers 1 or few at the apex of the cyme; uppermost cymules of the inflorescence with several bisexual flowers.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, 1.5–2 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary often with a ring of sparse hairs at the base otherwise subglabrous; styles once or twice-branched, c. 5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits red, 7–10 x 5–6 mm., ovoid-ellipsoid, 4-ribbed when dry, glabrous; pedicels 8–13(20) mm. long.
    [FWTA]

    Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, to 120 ft. high
    Trunk
    Clean straight bole, well-developed buttresses and relatively smooth bark compared the preceding species (Celtis zenkeri)
    Slash
    Slash with alternating layers of cream and brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Celtis mildbraedii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [11734], Cameroon K000199809
    Jan 1, 2006 Luke et al. [11360], Tanzania K000449270
    Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243055
    Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243056
    Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243057 Unknown type material
    Oct 18, 1954 Chevalier, A. [22460], Ivory Coast K000243029
    Hooper, V.E., South Africa Celtis franksiae 11031.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 309 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1966). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ulmaceae: 1-14.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 45.
    • Bot. Jahrb. 43: 309 (1909)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 19: 140 (1964).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 576 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 592 (1958).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 45 (1948).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 14 (1915).
    • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 180, fig. 16E (1911)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 309 (1909)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0