1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Alepidea F.Delaroche
      1. Alepidea peduncularis Steud. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Glabrous perennial herb with clustered, thick, rather fleshy, fibrous roots, ± (0.1–)0.2–1.5(–1.75) m. tall.
    Stem
    Stem slender to rather stout, striate, with numerous long, slender and ascending to 1–numerous divaricate branches above, stem with a terminal umbel subtended by 2 opposite or whorls of 3–6(–8) branches which (as with the lower branches) have a terminal and 1–2 lateral umbels; in large forms these and the lower branches occasionally with whorled umbels.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves narrowly obovate to oblong-obovate or oblong, all long-tapering to the base or all ± truncate or cordate at the base, or the outer truncate and the inner attenuate, 3.5–4 × 0.8–6 cm., with broad, shallow, acuminate teeth terminating in ± 1–4 mm. cilia; petiole and tapering indistinctly demarcated sheath c. 1–9 cm.; lower stem leaves sessile, auriculate with dark cilia, ± 4–10 mm. long, rather abruptly decreasing above the lower 2–3 or even above the rosette, or gradually decreasing in larger forms; upper stem leaves small, the uppermost subtending the final (2–)3 umbels or whorl of umbels bract-like, ciliate to remotely toothed.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels rather few to very numerous; bracts 8–11, usually alternating larger and smaller, spreading, white to black or dingy purple on the upper surface, greenish with 3–5 slightly anastomosing veins below, narrowly lanceolate and acute to broadly ovate and bluntish to apiculate, the larger 4.5–15 mm. from tip of bract to tip of peduncle; flower-head 3.5–8 mm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals broadly deltoid-ovate, acute to subacute, ± 0.75 mm.
    Corolla
    Petals white to slightly pink or greenish, rather narrowly obovate, ± 1.5 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit ± 2 mm., white verruculose, angles rather sharp; styles divergent, straight, rigid, ± 1.25–1.5 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Predominantly a species of upland grassland, often where burnt; also in open places in montane forest (including bamboo) and Brachystegia woodland, and on rocky hillsides; 1050–3485 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3 southern and tropical Africa from the Cape Province of South Africa to Ethiopia, Sudan and Zaire
    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A fairly robust, glabrous herb up to 120 cm. with numerous fleshy roots.
    Stem
    Stem terete with rather fine grooves.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves spathulate, lamina up to 22 × 6 cm.; apex obtuse, rarely subacute; base usually very long cuneate, rarely more abruptly so; margin dentate to serrate, with conspicuous cilia. Petioles up to 10 cm. long, merging very gradually into the lamina, base slightly dilated. Lower stem leaves similar to the basal ones, but with auriculate bases; upper stem leaves much reduced, usually sparse, with long internodes, but rarely relatively dense.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually a terminal group of long-peduncled umbels arranged in an umbel-like manner, otherwise in a regularly branched arrangement in which a short stalked terminal umbel is flanked by longer stalked laterals, a system which may be repeated on 3 or more levels. Umbels subcapitate, with up to 10 flowers.
    Bracts
    Bracts conspicuous, connate at the base, usually narrowly triangular to narrowly lanceolate, but sometimes somewhat broader, often with very acute to subulate apices, clear white to pinkish in colour.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish-white.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2× 1·5 mm., obovoid to ovoid with numerous tubercles, but these perhaps not so dense as in some other species of the F.Z. area; ribs relatively conspicuous; calyx teeth obscure; stylopodium depressed; styles short, erect.
    Vittae
    Vittae 5, 1 in each interval and 1 in the commissural face; seed adnate to the pericarp and slightly concave on the inner face.
    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Slender to fairly robust herbs up to 1·25 m., with a dense mass of fleshy roots.
    Stem
    Stem terete, regularly grooved.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves spathulate; lamina up to 25 × 4·5 cm., apex obtuse to subacute, base very long and evenly cuneate, margins serrate or more rarely serrate-dentate, with conspicuous cilia. Petioles up to 10 cm. long, but merging imperceptibly into the lamina, bases slightly dilated. Lower cauline leaves ovate, cordate to subauriculate at the base; upper stem leaves very sparse and much reduced, with long inter-nodes.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels terminal and lateral, with the terminal group forming an umbel-like whorl. Umbels very dense, subcapitate, up to 10-flowered; bracts conspicuous, united at the base, usually triangular, sometimes tending towards narrowly triangular, greenish-white.
    Corolla
    Petals white to cream.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2 × 1·5 mm., obovoid, densely covered with rather elongate corky tubercles; ribs inconspicuous; calyx teeth obscure; stylopodium depressed; styles very short.
    Vittae
    Vittae 5, 1 per interval and 2 commissural; seed closely adnate to the pericarp and subconvex on the inner face.
    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Relatively slender, glabrous herbs 10–70 cm. tall with thick fleshy roots.
    Stem
    Stem usually simple but sometimes branching from the base, terete and clearly grooved.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves oblong to oblong-spathulate; lamina up to 8 × 3 cm., apex obtuse to subacute, base long cuneate, rarely emarginate, margins dentate-serrate with obvious cilia on the teeth. Petioles up to 10 cm. long, elongating with maturity and very short in some young plants, slightly dilated at the base. Stem leaves generally regularly and progressively reduced upwards, from the base of the stem to the bottom of the inflorescence (a characteristic feature of the species); laminas oblong to narrowly triangular, the larger ones auriculate at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually a group of umbels arranged as an umbel, with additional lower lateral umbels. Umbels long-pedunculate, very dense, subcapitate, up to c. 15-flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts conspicuous, connate at the base, very narrowly triangular to lanceolate, white to purplish.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish-cream.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2 × 1.5 mm., obovoid, obviously verrucose at maturity; calyx teeth obscure; ribs inconspicuous; stylopodium depressed; styles very short.
    Vittae
    Vittae 5, 1 per interval and 2 commissural; seed closely adnate to the pericarp, subconvex on the inner face.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Alepidea peduncularis Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 4, 1984 Richards, H.M. [7546], Tanzania K000190249
    Jun 4, 1984 Paget-Wilkes, C.F. [921], Tanzania K000190240
    Jun 4, 1984 St. Clair-Thompson, G.M. [707], Tanzania K000190248
    Jun 1, 1984 Robinson, E.A. [4862], Tanzania K000190241
    Jun 1, 1984 Richards, H.M. [8816], Tanzania K000190242
    Jun 1, 1984 Richards, H.M. [12105], Tanzania K000190243
    Ash [61], Ethiopia 33105.000
    Bidgood, S. [2459], Tanzania K000190244
    Bidgood, S. [143], Tanzania K000190247
    K000310499 isotype
    K000310500 isotype
    K000310502 isotype
    K000310498 isotype
    Harris, T. [292], Mozambique K000613367
    Harris, T. [493], Malawi K000614570
    Suleiman, H. [18], Tanzania K000190245
    Congdon, T.C.E. in Bidgood, S. [182], Tanzania K000190246
    Nov 1, 1911 Junod, H.A. [922], South Africa Alepidea gracilis K000310590
    Jan 1, 1949 Purves, J.M. [70], Malawi Alepidea propinqua K000310573 syntype

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 320 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 638 (1953).
    • H. Wolff in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 228, heft 61: 97 (1913).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 7 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent Fl. Abyss. 1: 320 (1848).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0