1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Anthriscus Pers.
      1. Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Tropical African Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Erect, strong-growing perennial, 0.6–1.5(–l.8) m., with a ± incrassate, subtuberous rootstock propagating by offsets.
    Stem
    Stem fistular, striate to sulcate, glabrous throughout or ± pubescent below, shrinking below the nodes when dry, much-branched with branches alternate or several arising from the same point.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–3 to sub-4-pinnate, delicate and fern-like; lower leaves deltoid in outline, the lamina ± 6–30 × 5–25 cm., with toothed, lanceolate to ovate, acute to rather blunt segments 1–4 mm. wide, furnished with white substrigose hairs on the venation (especially beneath) to subglabrous; lamina with a long, acuminate, pinnatipartite apex and pointed apical segment or blunter with the apical segment trifid; sheaths ± 2–4.5 cm., oblong, striate, glabrous to ciliate or tomentose, broadly membranous-margined, auriculate above; petiole long, ± 7–16 cm., glabrous or it and the rhachis white-pilose especially between the pinnae and pinnules; upper leaves becoming smaller, more shortly petiolate and finally sessile, less divided.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels on ± 1.5–6 cm. peduncles; rays (3–)4–12, glabrous, ± 0.5–3.5 cm.; involucre absent or very rarely a single small oblong bract present; partial umbels 5–12-flowered; pedicels 3–8 mm. with a ring of bristles at the top; 2–9 flowers bearing fruit; involucel of mostly 5–6 oblong-obovate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, finally deflexed, finely ciliate, pale-margined bracteoles 3–10 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx absent.
    Corolla
    Outer petals somewhat radiant, 2–3 mm., notched above, inner ± half the length.
    Fruits
    Fruit narrowly oblong-elliptic or oblong-ovate, ± 6–9 × 2 mm., with an indistinct grooved beak slightly 3-angled dorsally, glabrous and shining or covered with antrorse, tuberculate-based bristles; stylopodia shortly conical, exceeded by the rather slender ± 1 mm. styles.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, Chile South, Illinois, Lesotho, Madeira, Masachusettes, New York, South Georgia, Vermont

    Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2009 Katende, T. [817], Uganda K000545479
    Oct 1, 2009 Katende, T. [1007], Uganda K000545480
    Oct 1, 2009 Kisalye, N [547], Uganda K000545481
    Sep 27, 1982 Fries, R.E. [702], Kenya K000311100
    Sep 27, 1982 Doggett, W.G. [s.n.], Uganda K000311101
    Sep 27, 1982 Doggett, W.G. [s.n.], Uganda K000311102
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 33], Great Britain K000914283
    Naiga [228], Uganda K000449400
    Fay, M.F. [MFF205], United Kingdom K000696479

    First published in Gen. Pl. Umbell.: 40 (1814)

    Accepted by

    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Hamlin, B.T. & Kittredge, W.T. (2014). New England note. Further discoveries in the Middlesex Fells Rhodora. Journal of the New England Botanical Club 116: 224-227.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Hamlin, B.T. & Kittredge, W.T. (2014). New England note. Further discoveries in the Middlesex Fells Rhodora. Journal of the New England Botanical Club 116: 224-227.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 351 (1974).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 639 (1959).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 299 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 16 (1877).
    • Hoffm., Gen. Umb.: 40 (1814).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0