1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Cosmos Cav.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Lesser Sunda Island, Yugoslavia, Southern America, Northern America and Tadzhikistan..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, pinnatisect or simple
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal and solitary or in few-headed terminal or axillary cymes, radiate; involucre often fleshy at base, the phyllaries connate at base, 2-seriate with the outer leafy and the inner scarious; paleae present
    Florets
    Ray florets neuter; disc florets many, anthers with ovate or cordate apical appendage; style branches truncate, with caudate appendage
    Fruits
    Achenes fusiform, and typically attenuate into a beak; pappus absent or of retrorsely barbed aristae
    Distribution
    About 30 species from the Americas; some species cultivated.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Delaware, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, French Guiana, Germany, Great Britain, Guyana, Hungary, India, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Marianas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Cosmos Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Icon. i. 9. tt. 14, 79 (1791).

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 198 (1993)
    • Sherff in Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8(6): 401–447 (1932)
    • Ic. 1: 9 (1791)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0