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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aglaonema Schott
      1. Aglaonema simplex (Blume) Blume

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bangladesh to China (SW. Yunnan) and Malesia.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Phenology
    Apr–Jun, fr. Sep–Oct.
    Habitat
    Dense valley forests.
    General Description
    Plants perennial, erect. Stems dark green, cylindric, 40–80cm tall, 1–2cm in diam., rooting at nodes; internodes 2–3cm, at distal part 5–10mm; cataphylls early caducous, broadly linear, 4–7cm, apex abruptly acute. Leaves usually 5 or 6, densely crowded at stem apex; petiole green, 6–15cm, proximally sheathing; leaf blade initially involute, afterward spreading, pale green abaxially, dark green adaxially, ovate-oblong, 10–25 × 5.5–11cm, thinly leathery, base truncate-rounded, subcordate, or decurrent, apex caudate-acuminate or abruptly long acuminate; primary lateral veins 6–8 per side, ascending and arching. Peduncle green, 2–6cm. Spathe initially involute-tubular, afterward opening by a slit, cymbiform, ovoid, 3–4.5 × ca. 1.3cm. Spadix 2.5–4.5cm, slightly longer than or equaling spathe; female zone ca. 5mm; ovary globose; ovule basal; stigma sessile, circular; male zone 2–3 cm; stamens 4; anthers 2-celled. Berry oblong, 12–18 × 7–10 mm. Seed oblong, 11–15 mm.
    Vernacular
    yue nan wan nian qing

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Aglaonema simplex (Blume) Blume appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2000 Horsefield [s.n.], Indonesia K000291613 holotype
    Jun 1, 2000 Horsefield [s.n.], Indonesia K000291614 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 2000 Lugduno-Batavo [s.n.], Indonesia K000291615 syntype
    Oct 10, 1963 Ridley [9508], Malaysia K000291546 lectotype
    Oct 7, 1963 Scortechini [s.n.] K000291547 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1963 Griffith [5985], Malaysia K000291605 lectotype
    Aug 1, 1963 Griffith, W. [5984], Peninsular Malaysia K000291549 syntype
    Jul 13, 1962 Curtis [s.n.] K000291548 Unknown type material
    Jul 13, 1962 Griffith, W. [5984], Peninsular Malaysia K000291550 Unknown type material
    Jul 13, 1962 Griffith, W. [5984], Peninsular Malaysia K000291551 Unknown type material
    Jul 12, 1962 Kerr, A.F.G. [1160], Thailand K000291609 syntype
    Jul 12, 1962 Motley, J. [876] K000291616 holotype
    Jul 11, 1962 Griffith [5981], Burma K000291612 holotype
    Jul 11, 1962 King's collector [537], Nicobar Is. K000881731 lectotype
    Jul 11, 1962 Kurz, W.S. [s.n.], Andaman Is. K000881730 syntype
    18907.000
    Malaysia 22426.000
    Malaysia 37985.000
    Anderson, J.A. [4218/65] 27516.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Rumphia 1: 152 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Sasikala, K., Vajravelu, E. & Daniel, P. (2019). Fascicles of Flora of India 29: 1-357. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    • Kurniawan, A., Adjie, B. & Boyce, P.C. (2011). Studies on the Araceae of Sulawesi I: New taxa of Schismatoglottis and Homalomena, and a preliminary checklist and keys for Sulawesi Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 40-50.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/