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This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Arabian Peninsula and Tanzania.
Ferula communis

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous erect herb, up to c. 1.8 m tall; stems stout, terete and finely striate
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves 3-pinnate, up to 85 x 35 cm, with mostly 6–8 pairs of pinnae, segments filiform, c. 6–35 x 0.2–1 mm, channelled above, sheaths 10–24 cm long, auriculate at the top, petioles c. 10–18 cm long; stem leaves smaller, the upper ones often reduced to sheaths only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels numerous, the lower often solitary and unisexual, the upper mostly 3 together with a large central bisexual umbel and 2 lateral male umbels; flowers c. 10–18 in each partial bisexual umbel, on 5–12 mm long pedicels and without bracteoles; flowers c. 13–25 in each partial male umbel, on 3–6 mm long pedicels and with 0–3 filiform bracteoles up to c. 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes triangular, small, falling off in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, glabrous, c. 1–1.2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits almost flat, broadly obovate to broadly elliptic, c. 10–17 x 5.5–12 mm, primary ribs prominent; vittae mostly 3 in each dorsal groove and 4 on each commissural face; stylopodia with crenate margin; styles c. 2 mm long, recurved.
Distribution
N1 in southern Europe, North Africa and in South-West Asia from Turkey to Yemen.
Ecology
Altitude c. 1600 m.
Note
The only collection seen from Somalia is from the “Wobleh” Mt at c. 10°15’N, 43°17’E. Probably the species is more widespread in the highlands of northern Somalia.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Large, glabrous perennial herb ± 0.9–1.8 m., tall, with a stout, solidly pithy stem; stem and branches terete, finely striate.
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves mostly 4–6, broadly oblong in outline, ± 35–85 × 15–35 cm., tripinnatisect with mostly 6–8 pairs of pinnae, the ultimate segments mucronate, narrowly linear, ± 6–35 × 0.25–1 mm., channelled above, the margins revolute below (frequently to the midrib); sheaths oblong, ± 10–24 cm., narrowing upwards and ± auriculate at the apex; petioles ± 10–18 cm.; lower stem leaves similar but smaller; median stem leaves sessile on the sheaths, deltoid, about as broad as long; inflorescence leaves mostly reduced to narrowly oblong, amplexicaul sheaths which are ± acuminate — the lower firm and green, sometimes with a rudimentary lamina, the uppermost thinner and submembranous; all leaves glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels numerous, the lower often solitary and unisexual, the upper alternate or opposite, mostly 3 on a common branch with a larger central hermaphrodite umbel and 2 lateral males; terminal umbels in groups of 3 to 5, the central hermaphrodite and the lateral 2–3(–4) ♂; buds arising at anthesis from pairs of concave bracts, the hermaphrodite arising centrally and the males clasped in the bracts. Peduncle of hermaphrodite umbels 0–5.5 cm., of males 2.5–11 cm.; no involucre to either; hermaphrodite umbels with ± 10–25 rays 1.5–5 cm. long; partial umbels ± 10–18-flowered, pedicels 5–12 mm.; involucel absent; ♂ umbels with ± 13–25 rays 1–2.5 cm. long; partial umbels ± 10–25-flowered, pedicels 3–6 mm.; involucel absent or of up to 3 very narrowly linear, tapering bracteoles to ± 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx distinct, lobes deltoid, acute, ± 0.25 mm., shrivelling and deciduous in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals bright yellow, ovate, glabrous, 1–1.25 mm., with an acute, incurved apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit very strongly dorsally compressed, almost flat, broadly obovate to broadly elliptic, ± 10–17 × 5.5–12 mm., primary ribs narrowly prominent; stylopodia depressed, crenate-margined, shortly conical centrally; styles slender, recurved, ± 2 mm.; vittae 3 in each dorsal vallecula, but sometimes reduced to 2 or even 1 in some, or interrupted; commissure 4-vittate.
Figures
Fig. 40.
Habitat
Rocky grassy hill slopes and mountain tops, open forest, wooded grassland (both dry and wet recorded), pasture land, Tarchonanthus scrub; 1450–2270 m.
Distribution
widespread in the Mediterranean region (S. Europe & N. Africa), and in SW. Asia from Turkey south to the Yemenin tropical Africa K1 K2 K3 K6 U1

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Ferula communis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper [1605], Ethiopia K000311314
Mann G. [2503], Canary Is. K001091147
Bourgeau, E. [1347], Canary Is. K001091145

First published in Sp. Pl.: 246 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 358 (1974).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 18 (1877).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 246 (1753).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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