1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium andicola Liebm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Mexico.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Epiphytic or on rocks, sometimes in soil on rocky cliffs; stems less than 20 cm long; leaf scars ca. 1.7 cm wide; roots thick, descending; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 2-4.5 cm long, tinged red at margins and apex, the apex round, minutely apiculate, drying medium brown (B & K Yellow 5/5), weathering to fibrous network at base. LEAVES with petioles erect to spreading, 18-47 cm long, 4-8 mm diam., sharply sulcate, weakly glaucous; geniculum 1.5-2 cm long, faintly tinged red; blades broadly ovate-deltoid, thick, narrowly acuminate at apex (rarely rounded), usually prominently lobed at base (rarely merely obtuse), 20-37.5 cm long, 13-27 cm wide, broadest at point of petiole attachment; anterior lobe 19-29 cm long, the margins broadly rounded; posterior lobes 7.5-13 cm long; sinus arcuate with de-current petiole to parabolic to sometimes hippocrepiform; both surfaces matte to semiglossy, the lower surface weakly glaucous; midrib convexly raised above, diminished and flat at apex, more acutely raised below; basal veins 3-6 pairs, the first free to base, those remaining coalesced 1-3 cm, posterior rib naked, weakly curved, the outer margin scarcely turned up; primary lateral veins 3-5 per side, departing midrib at 55° angle, ± straight to collective vein, sunken above, raised below, interprimary veins sunken above, raised below, tertiary vein prominulous above, obscure below (drying prominent on both surfaces); collective vein arising from the first basal vein or from one of the lowermost primary lateral veins, sunken above, raised below, 4-8 mm from margin, sometimes the second basal vein running almost to apex. INFLORESCENCE erect, shorter than or equal to leaves; peduncle 16-40 cm long, 4-6 mm diam., terete, sometimes with a single ridge tinged reddish; spathe thin, medium green (B & K Yellow-green 5/5), narrowly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 5.5-7.5 cm long, 2-2.8 cm wide, narrowly acuminate at apex, rounded to subcordate at base, inserted at 45° angle on peduncle; spadix green heavily tinged purple or dark purple (B & K Blue-purple 2/10), 4-10.5 cm long, 5-9 mm diam. at base, 2-5 mm diam. at apex; flowers square 3-3.6 mm in both directions, the sides straight parallel to spirals, weakly to jaggedly sigmoid perpendicular to spirals; 5-6 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 6-7 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals matte, weakly punctate, very minutely papillate, the lateral tepals 2.1-2.2 mm wide, the inner margin broadly rounded; pistils weakly emergent, green to purplish (paler than tepals); stigma linear, ca. 7 mm long, with large, clear droplets ca. 1 month before stamens emerge; lateral stamens emerging from the base, followed by alternates in rapid progression, leading stamens preceding the next in the series by 2 or 3 spirals; anthers white to pale yellow, ca. 0.7 mm long, 0.8 mm wide, held over pistil then retracting and held at sides of pistil; thecae ellipsoid, somewhat divaricate; pollen yellow, fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent, spathe deciduous; berries orange, obovoid, rounded at apex, 1.5 cm long, 8 mm diam., 6 mm thick; mesocarp fleshy, orange; seeds 2, greenish orange, flattened, ca. 9 mm long, 5 mm wide.
    Distribution
    Mexico, occurring in both the Sierra Madre Oriental where it ranges from central Vera Cruz to northern Oaxaca and in the Sierra Madre del Sur south of Oaxaca City. It is also recorded in Alta Verapaz in Guatemala.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Anthurium andicola Liebm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000434083 Unknown type material
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000434084 Unknown type material

    First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1849: 22 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0