1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium crassinervium (Jacq.) Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Venezuela and Curaçao. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 3000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora, epífita, Rupícola
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    The species is ecologically quite variable, occurring in tropical moist, tropical dry, premontane wet, premontane wet (transitional to warm), premontane moist, premontane dry, subtropical dry, and subtropical thorn forest transitional to subtropical dry forest.
    Distribution
    Ranges throughout northern Venezuela in the states of Aragua, Carabobo, Falcón, Lara, Mérida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Táchira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia, and the Distrito Federal. It has also been found in Colombia in the departments of Cesar, Guajira, Magdalena, and Santander and on Curaçao in the Netherlands Antilles at 350 m.
    General Description
    Epiphytic, epilithic or terrestrial, sometimes colonial; stem short, 2.5-4 cm diam.; roots dense, ascending, smooth; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 7- 13 cm long, acute at apex, drying medium brown (B & K yellow 4/7.5), persisting ± intact, weathering into reticulum of fibers. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 3-33.5 cm long, 4-11 mm diam., D-shaped to quadrangular or thicker than broad, broadly and shallowly sulcate to V-sulcate, rarely narrowly sulcate adaxially, the margins acute, rarely inclined inward, flattened to rounded or 3-5-ribbed abaxially; geniculum somewhat thicker and paler than petiole, 0.8-2 cm long; blades moderately coriaceous, oblanceolate, gradually acuminate or rarely rounded at apex, acute to somewhat obtuse at base, 25-142 cm long, 11-52 cm wide, broadest usually above the middle, the margins undulate; both surfaces matte to semiglossy, slightly paler below, often pale-pustulate and/or with pale or dark punctations; midrib flat with a conspicuous medial rib near the base above, becoming acutely raised near the middle, sharply raised below, sometimes 3-ribbed at base; primary lateral veins 6-14 per side, departing midrib at 40-70°angle, ± straight or arcuate to the margin, prominently raised near the midrib above, then sunken and merging with margin, raised below, drying raised and paler on both surfaces; interprimary veins not apparent; tertiary veins flat and slightly visible above, visible and darker than surface below; collective vein arising in the upper ? or in the upper ¼ of the blade, prominulous when dried. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading; peduncle (13)20-98 cm long, 5-12 mm diam., 1-3(5) x as long as petiole, terete, sometimes ribbed near the base of spathe; spathe spreading to reflexed, moderately thin, green, sometimes tinged with purple, lanceolate, 8-12.5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, broadest near the base, often decurrent at base; spadix dark purple or violet to green or green tinged with purple, tapered, sessile or stipitate to 12 mm, (6)12-33 cm long, 7-10 mm diam. near base, 4-7 mm diam. near apex; flowers rhombic to 4-lobed, 2.4-3.1 mm long, 1.6-2.8 mm wide, the sides jaggedly sigmoid; 7-10 flowers visible in principal spiral, 5-10 in alternate spiral; tepals matte; lateral tepals 1.2-1.5 mm wide, the inner margins rounded, tinged with violet-purple; pistils emergent, violet-purple; stigma linear, 0.5 mm long; stamens emerging from the base of the spadix, laterals emerging to midway followed by alternates in rapid succession, arranged in a circle around the pistil just above the tepals; anthers pale orange (B & K yellow-red 8/7.5) 0.7 mm long, 1 mm wide; thecae ovoid, slightly divaricate; pollen pale orange, white when dried. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; berries red, ovoid, basally attached to spadix by 4 tepalar fibers, 7.6-8.2 mm long, 3-3.5 mm diam. on rehydration; pericarp studded with raphide cells; seeds 1- 2 per berry, pale yellowish, with raphide cells, ellipsoid, 3.6-4.4 mm long, 1.6-2.2 mm diam., 0.8-1.6 mm thick, with a mucilaginous apical appendage.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 100 - 3000 m.
    Habit
    Epiphytic herb or on rocks.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Netherlands Antilles, Southwest Caribbean, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Anturio.

    Anthurium crassinervium (Jacq.) Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Venezuela 46114.000

    First published in Wiener Z. Kunst 1829(3): 828 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/