Skip to main content
  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium crenatum (L.) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Dominican Republic to Virgin Islands.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    General Description
    Epiphytic or epilithic, sometimes forming dense clumps; stem to 9 cm long; roots moderately dense, spreading to descending, pale green pubescent, elongate, blunt, 3-4 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, weakly 1–ribbed near apex, 9.5-13 cm long, narrowly acute at apex with a subapical apiculum, light green, drying reddish brown (B & K yellow 5/2.5), persisting semi-intact, eventually deciduous. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 2.5-29.5 cm long, 4-17 mm diam., sharply to bluntly D-shaped, shallowly and broadly sulcate adaxially, the margins sharp but not raised, rounded to 3-ribbed abaxially, the surface weakly pale-speckled; geniculum slightly thicker and paler than petiole, 0.6-1.3 cm long; blades moderately coriaceous, broadly to narrowly oblanceolate or elliptic, sometimes ± oblong, acute to acuminate at apex (the acumen apiculate), acute (rarely weakly subcordate) at base, (18)23-100 cm long, 4-28 cm wide broadest near or above the middle, the margins sinuate to undulate; upper surface semiglossy, medium to dark green, lower surface weakly glossy to semiglossy, paler; midrib acutely angled at base, gradually becoming weakly sunken near the apex above, prominently higher than broad at base, becoming prominently convex toward the apex below, paler than surface; primary lateral veins 8-18 per side, departing midrib at (30)40-75° angle, ± straight to arcuate-ascending to the margin, raised above, convexly raised below; tertiary veins weakly raised above and below, darker than surface, drying prominently raised; reticulate veins weakly visible above, prominulous and slightly darker than surface below, conspicuously raised when dried; collective vein arising in the upper ? of the blade or absent, 5-12 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading or pendent; peduncle 19-72 cm long, 3-7 mm diam., l.6-14.4 x as long as petiole, green, terete to ellipsoid in cross section; spathe erect to spreading, subcoriaceous, sometimes flushed pink or maroon, usually light green (B & K yellow-green 7/10), linear-oblong, with the margins curled under, 4-14.5 cm long, 0.4-1.5 cm wide, acuminate at apex, obtuse to rounded at base; spadix reddish or purplish violet to maroon (dull, dark bluish purple fide S. Mayo, 1982), long-tapered, somewhat curved, 6.5-25 cm long, 3-8 mm diam. near base, 2.5-4 mm diam. near apex, broadest at the base; flowers scented like rotting fruit prior to anthesis, rhombic to square, 1.5-3 mm long, 1.6-2.2 mm wide, the sides prominently and smoothly sigmoid; 5-8 flowers visible in principal spiral, 8-1 2 in alternate spiral; tepals matte to weakly glossy, densely, minutely papillate; lateral tepals 0.6-1.4 mm wide, the inner margins straight to rounded, the outer margins 2-sided; pistils emergent 2-3.5 mm, glossy, green; stigma linear, 0.2-0.4 mm long, brushlike; stamens emerging in a slow, regular sequence from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by 10 spirals; filaments translucent, broader than anthers, ca. 0.5 mm long; anthers 0.3-0.6 mm long, 0.5-0.8 mm wide; thecae oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-ovoid, weakly divaricate; pollen yellow-orange, fading to white (B & K yellow 8/5). INFRUCTESCENCE spreading-pendent; spathe withered, usually deciduous; spadix to 2.5 cm diam.; berries bright red (B & K red 4/5), obovoid, glossy, 8-10 mm long, 5-6 mm diam.; mesocarp mealy, white, sweet, becoming acrid; seeds tan to pale yellow, oblong-elliptic, 3.8-6 mm long, 2-2.8 mm wide, 1.5-1.8 mm thick, with a short gelatinous appendage at apex.
    This species is characterized by its usually narrowly oblanceolate, short-petiolate blades which have conspicuously raised tertiary and reticulate venation on drying and sometimes even on live plants, and by its long-pedunculate inflorescence, which is usually pendent, with a long-tapered, dark purplish violet to maroon spadix and a promptly withering, linear-oblong spathe.
    Northwestern part of the West Indies, where it is known from the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and the small islands to the east of Puerto Rico, namely Vieques, Culebra, St. Thomas, St. John, Tortola, and St. Croix (all but Vieques are part of the U.S. Virgin Islands). Also recorded in the Leeward Islands and the Windward Islands.
    It occurs principally in humid forests. "Dry evergreen woodland" is noted for Mori & Woodbury 16999, from St. John.



    Native to:

    Dominican Republic, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico

    Introduced into:

    Venezuelan Antilles


    Other Data

    Anthurium crenatum (L.) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1979 Bannochie [1695], U.S. Virgin Is. K000457217
    Sep 1, 1979 Eggers [308], U.S. Virgin Is. K000457202
    Sep 1, 1979 Eggers [s.n.], U.S. Virgin Is. K000457203
    Sep 1, 1979 Ekman, E.L. [12243], Dominican Republic K000457199
    Sep 1, 1979 Sintenis, P. [1582], Puerto Rico K000434036 isotype
    Sep 1, 1979 Sintenis, P. [479], Puerto Rico K000457200
    Sep 1, 1979 Kuntze, O. [s.n.] K000434037 isotype
    Sep 1, 1979 Garber, A.P. [164], Puerto Rico K000457201
    Sep 1, 1979 Fishlock, C. [368], British Virgin Is. K000457204


    First published in Enum. Pl. 3: 75 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.