1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium gracile (Rudge) Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad to Central & S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 2300 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Epiphyte, usually erect; roots white; stems 1.5-3 cm long, 7-10 mm diam.; internodes short; cataphylls membranaceous, 2-9.5 cm long, drying reddish or brown, persisting intact, ultimately deciduous. LEAVES ± erect; petioles 1-20 cm long, ca. 3 mm diam., subterete flattened adaxially; the geniculum ca. 5 mm long; blades moderately thin, oblanceolate, 11-32 cm long, 3-8.5 cm wide, acuminate at apex, gradually tapered to long-cuneate at base; the upper surface matte to semiglossy; the midrib prominently raised almost to apex above, raised below; primary lateral veins numerous, nearly obscure; collective vein arising from base, 4-7 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE ± erect; peduncles 13-40 cm long, 1-3 mm diam., longer than petioles; spathe membranaceous, red-violet, lanceolate to oblong-elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 1.3-2.5 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, abruptly acuminate at apex, rounded al base; spadix sessile, purplish-brown, 0.6-6 cm long, 2-4 mm diam. midway; flowers 4-lobed, 5-5.6 mm long, 3.8-4.3 mm wide, the sides jaggedly sigmoid; 2-3 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 3-4 flowers visible in alternate spiral; tepals matte to semiglossy, punctate and minutely papillate; pistils weakly emergent, the apex ± flat; stigma exserted, buttonlike, 0.8-0.9 mm wide; stamens emerging in scattered manner; anthers cream, ca. 0.7 mm long, inclined inward over pistil; thecae ovoid, slightly divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; peduncle to 60 cm long; spadix to 10 cm long, 1.5 cm diam.; berries bright red, ± globose, slightly longer than broad, 6-8 mm long; mesocarp gelatinous, ± translucent, lacking raphide cells, seeds 2, cylindroid, rounded on both ends, ca. 4 mm long, 1.6-1.8 mm diam., with an oblique depression at one end and the other end greenish, sticky gelatinous appendages at both ends.
    Distribution
    Mexico to the Guianas, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. It is also known in the West Indies from Trinidad and Hispaniola.
    Habitat
    Costa Rica and Panama, the species is known only from tropical moist forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Dominican Republic, Leeward Is.

    Anthurium gracile (Rudge) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 19, 2005 Braithwaite, K. [1] 66895.000
    Jan 1, 2005 Mayo, S. [824], Bahia K000302626
    Feb 1, 1982 Santos, T.S. [593], Bahia K000302625
    Jan 1, 1975 André, E.F. [2431], Colombia K000061671
    Jan 1, 1975 André, E.F. [2431], Colombia K000434199 Unknown type material
    Trinidad & Tobago 43177.000
    46965.000
    Harley, R.M. [20314], Brazil K001239409
    Harley, R.M. [11198], Brazil K001239410
    Harley, R.M. [11163], Brazil K001239417
    Madison, M.T. [6036], Brazil K001239405
    Edwards, P.J. [1036], Trinidad & Tobago 43821.000
    Lewis, G.P. [1681], Brazil K001239411
    Lewis, G.P. [1681], Brazil K001239412
    Lewis, G.P. [1681], Brazil K001239413
    Milliken, W. [232], Brazil K001239415
    Thomas, W. [4737], Brazil K001239416
    Edwards [1036], Trinidad & Tobago 58068.000
    Nadruz, M. [883], Pernambuco K000302624
    Nadruz, M. [896], Pernambuco K000302623
    Souza, G.M. [95], Brazil K001239424
    Oliveira, J. [17], Brazil K001239418
    Menezes, E. [53], Brazil K001239423
    Krukoff, B.A. [6776], Brazil K001239407
    Burchell, W.J. [9800], Brazil K001239419
    Burchell, W.J. [9800], Brazil K001239421
    Burchell, W.J. [10083], Brazil K001239422
    Lleras, E. [P17103], Brazil K001239406
    André, E.F. [2431], Colombia K000434200 Unknown type material
    Prance, G.T. [10290], Brazil K001239408
    Prance, G.T. [10886], Brazil K001239414
    Spruce, R. [1129], Brazil K001239420
    Poiteau [s.n.] Anthurium gracile var. poiteanum K000434173 Unknown type material
    Harley, R.M. [11198], Brazil Anthurium scolopendrinum 36043.000
    Harley, R.M. [11163], Brazil Anthurium scolopendrinum 7512.000
    Philcox, D. [7114], Trinidad & Tobago Anthurium scolopendrinum 36022.000
    Wood, G. [83], Trinidad & Tobago Anthurium scolopendrinum 36115.000
    Evemy Anthurium scolopendrinum 36011.000
    Evemy [115], Guyana Anthurium scolopendrinum 36034.000
    Philcox [7114], Trinidad & Tobago Anthurium scolopendrinum 49794.000

    First published in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 19: t. 1635 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Arruda Pontes, T., Moreira de Andrade, I. & Alves, M. (2010). Flora da Usina São José, Igarassu, Pernambuco: Araceae Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 61: 689-794.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0