1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trachyspermum Link
      1. Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Uzbekistan and Saudi Arabia..

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual herb, ± 25–65 cm. tall, much branched from near the base upwards except in depauperate plants, with long divergent or more divaricate branches; stem and branches glabrous, slender, striate and terete or the stem somewhat sulcate.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves withered at time of flowering; lowest stem leaves ± 5–14 × 2–6 cm., lamina broadly oblong or ovate, ± bi- or subtripinnate with 3–5 pairs of pinnae, basal pair sessile or with petiolules up to ± 5 mm.; pinnae rather irregularly divided into narrowly linear, glabrous, rather bluntly mucronate segments up to ± 1.4 cm. long and ± 0.5 mm. wide, with ± revolute margins and not dentate; petioles ± 2.5–8 cm. including the tapering, 8–12 mm., ribbed sheath; upper stem leaves reduced and more shortly petiolate and finally sessile but similar; uppermost leaves also much divided, but small.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels numerous, with 6–20 usually obviously unequal rays 5–21 mm. long, glabrous to minutely scabrid; involucre conspicuous, of 2–4 linear or sometimes trisect or ± pinnate, scabrid-margined, often unequal bracts 3–20 mm. long; partial umbels ± 8–24-flowered, pedicels 1–4 mm., minutely scabrid to subglabrous; involucel of ± 6–8 subulate bracteoles 1–5 mm. long, with scabrid margins; peduncles ± 2–8.5 cm., glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx with very short but distinct, broadly triangular, pale teeth.
    Corolla
    Petals white or tinged with pink, obcordate with broad lobes, 1–1.25 mm., shortly white-hairy; anthers dark purplish black.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovate, ± 2–2.5 × 1.75–2 mm., covered with white papillae or at the extreme apex frequently glabrous or almost so and deeply grooved, ribs prominent; stylopodia bluntly conical; styles slender, deflexed or flexuose, subequalling to twice as long as the stylopodia.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/8.
    Habitat
    Waste ground, presumably as an escape; ± 1950 m.
    Distribution
    the native area of this spice plant, widely grown in certain warmer regions of the Old World, seems unknownauthors in all areas from which it is mentioned as native seem invariably to refer it elsewhere. K4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Morocco, Somalia

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 572], Nepal Athamanta ajowan K001111312
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 572] Athamanta ajowan K001111313
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 572] Athamanta ajowan K001111314
    Wallich [s.n.] Trachyspermum copticum K000685644
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Trachyspermum copticum K000685642
    s.coll. [s.n.] Trachyspermum copticum K000685643

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 228 (1929)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Hadinec, J. & Lustyk, P. (2012). Additions to the flora of the Czech Republic. X Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 47: 43-158.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Hadinec, J. & Lustyk, P. (2012). Additions to the flora of the Czech Republic. X Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 47: 43-158.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sprague in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1929: 228 (1929).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0