1. Family: Cannabaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Celtis L.
      1. Celtis gomphophylla Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Deciduous tree to 3–30(60) m. tall, monoecious or dioecious; bole often fluted or buttressed, bark smooth light grey, wood unpleasant smelling; young stems and branches whitish-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves (5)6–16 x 2–5(7) cm., ovate-elliptic to oblong-elliptic; apex long-acuminate; base cuneate to rounded, asymmetrical; margin entire or with a few coarse teeth, (juvenile foliage up to 21 x 9 cm., with apex hardly acuminate and margin coarsely dentate in upper half); lamina membranous-chartaceous, glabrescent, often scabrid, 3-nerved from the base with the basal lateral nerves not or hardly extending into the upper half; upper lateral nerves (2)3–6 on each side of the midrib, prominent above, more strongly so below, usually making an angle of less than 45 degrees with the midrib; petiole 4–8 mm. long; stipules 2–6 mm. long, linear to linear-oblong, whitish pubescent, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers precocious; male flowers in numerous, crowded, few-many-flowered cymes, pedicels 3–7 mm. long; female and bisexual flowers few or solitary, axillary or at nodes below, pedicels often longer.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, 1.2–2 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ± pubescent or glabrous; styles unbranched, 2–2.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit dark yellowish, 4–6(7) x 3–5 mm., conical-ovoid, often 4-angled when dry, glabrous, pedicel 3–10 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Much branched monoecious or usually dioecious deciduous tree, 5–25 m. tall, with smooth light grey bark; dead wood with a peculiar foetid smell.
    Twigs
    Twigs pubescent or rarely subglabrous; lenticels prominent on the older branchlets.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades membranous or chartaceous, oblanceolate, oblong-elliptic or ovate, 5.5–16.5 cm. long, 2.2–7.5 cm. wide, long-acuminate, cuneate to rounded at the base, slightly unequal-sided, entire or rarely with a few coarse teeth, glabrescent, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending little into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 3–6 on each side of the midrib; petiole 5–8 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-oblong, 4–5 mm. long, pubescent, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymules of ♂ flowers often precocious, crowded, with short 2–6 mm. long pedicels;♀ and hermaphroditeflowers axillary or at the nodes below, few, with 3–7 mm. long pedicels.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous or puberulous; styles unbranched, 2–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits conic-ovoid, 4-angled when dry, 4–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. across, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 2, p. 6.
    Habitat
    Lowland and upland rain-forest; 300-2000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K5 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4 Mozambique, Zambia and Rhodesia to the Cape Province of South Africa, also Congo Republic and Angola to Nigeria and S. Tomé
    [FWTA]

    Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree to 70 ft. or more high
    Slash
    Slash pale grey, thickly speckled with chocolate-brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Celtis gomphophylla Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [235], Cameroon K000199810
    Nov 1, 2003 Cable, S. [2874], Cameroon K000197964
    Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2486], Cameroon K000197963
    Baron, R. [3697], Madagascar K000243044 Unknown type material
    Toll, C [108], Zimbabwe K000243040
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [108], Zimbabwe Celtis durandii K000442487 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 521 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0