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  1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Droguetia Gaudich.
      1. Droguetia iners (Forssk.) Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, E. Cape Prov. to KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herb or subshrub with prostrate and erect stems, up to 1 m. high or probably more.
    Indumentum
    Branches and petioles with a very variable indumentum, ranging from subglabrous or with scattered stiff hairs or appressed hairs to an almost woolly tomentum of straight or curly, erect hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, very rarely alternate on an occasional side branch; stipules brown, translucent, with dark brown midnerve, lanceolate, with elongated tip, up to 3 mm. long; petiole l–2.5(–4) cm. long, pubescent to pilose; lamina ovate, 1.5–4.5(–6.5) cm. long, 0.8–2.5(–3) cm. wide, base cuneate, margin serrate, with 6–22 teeth on each side, apex acute or acuminate, with long apical tooth; lateral nerves 2–3(–4) pairs, basal pair reaching 2nd–6th tooth from apex; upper surface with scattered hairs, lower surface with scattered stiff hairs on the nerves and sometimes also between the nerves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, either bisexual, globular and up to 6 mm. in diameter, or entirely ♀, smaller, ovoid, with 1–2 flowers; in the upper leaf-axils often arranged in clusters, either all bisexual or some bisexual, many-flowered and some ♀, or all ♀, few-flowered; in the lower axils often only ♀ ones present.
    Fruits
    Achene persistent in the involucre, glabrous or lanate.
    Distribution
    The species as a whole occurs from West Africa (in the highlands of Cameroon) and N. Ethiopia through the highlands of eastern Africa to South Africa (Cape Province)
    [FWTA]

    Urticaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Height
    To 5 ft. high
    Ecology
    In montane forest.
    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with erect branched stems to c. 1.5 m. tall, and creeping or scrambling stems, rooting at the nodes.
    Stem
    Younger stems pubescent or slightly hispid, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, 3–7 x 2–4 cm., ovate; apex long acuminate; base cuneate or rounded; margin serrate; upper surface of lamina slightly hispid, lower surface with soft hairs on the nerves.
    Petiole
    Petiole pubescent, 0.4–3 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules up to 0.5 cm. long, lanceolate, mostly persisting.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences variable, typically consisting of two bisexual involucres (containing male and female flowers) and a reduced branch with few-many female involucres (each containing 1(2) female flowers) in each leaf axil, but any of these elements maybe missing. Both types of inflorescence maybe found on different plants or on the same plant.
    Involucre
    Bisexual involucres 4–6 mm. in diam., mostly with many male flowers and a few naked female flowers; male flowers up to c. 2 mm. long. Female involucres often many together, perianth-like, each usually with 1(2) female flowers, up to 1.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary erect, 1–1.5 mm. long; stigma up to c. 3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Achene compressed, brownish, c. 1.5 mm. long, enclosed in the slightly enlarged, persistent involucre.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Droguetia iners (Forssk.) Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13451], Cameroon K000580391
    Tweedie, E.M. [3330], Kenya 30361.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [580], Uganda 2672.000
    Schimper [682], Ethiopia K000242997 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 146 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 217.
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 303

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot 8: 38 (1988).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 1: 161,Fig. 33/1A–D (1978).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 325 (1974).
    • Letouzey in Fl. Cameroun 8: 213 (1968).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2,1: 622 (1958).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 217 (1948).
    • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 303 (1917).
    • Schweinf. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, Appendix 2: 146 (1896).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0