1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium splendidum W.Bull ex Rodigas

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 70 - 1280 m.; Andes, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic

    Characterized by its terrestrial habit, promptly deciduous cataphylls, prominently ribbed petioles and lower midrib and the thin, deeply rugose, almost black-green blades which are sub-velvety and matte on the upper surface as well as by the white spathe and yellow spadix.

    Distribution

    Antburium splendidum is thought to be endemic to Colombia, known only from Tropical wet forest transition to Premontane (T-wf/P) life zone (Holdridge, 1971), in the Department of Chocó near the Risaralda border. It might be expected in other areas within this life zone.

    General Description

    Terrestrial; stem short and stout; internodes very short, 2.5-4.5 cm diam.; cataphylls membranaceous, 4.5-5 cm long, green, tinged red-brown, rounded at apex, sometimes with the midrib free-ending, weathering to fibers, then deciduous. LEAVES held in a dense cluster; petioles erect to erect spreading with blades spreading to pendent, 23-38 cm long, 6-8 mm diam., olive-green, subterete, bearing (5)10-14 membranous wings, the wings crisped, especially on the geniculum, continuous with the ribs on the lower midrib or major veins of the lower surface, flattened adaxially with erect margins; blades ovate to narrowly ovate, conspicuously lobed at base, conspicuously bullate, thinly coriaceous and stiff in fresh material, acute at apex, 28-51 cm long, 20-33 cm wide, broadest above (distal to) petiole attachment, dark black-green and subvelvety matte or weakly glossy above, matte and somewhat paler below, drying thin and narrowly discolored along the tertiary veins, drying weakly glossy and gray-green above, matte and yellow-green below; the upper surface sparsely short-pale-lineate, lower surface, smooth and matte; margin more or less straight, revolute; posterior lobes narrowly rounded, 1.5-9 cm long, sometimes overlapping; sinus hippocrepiform to oblong or closed, 5-8.5 cm deep; midrib acute in deep valleys and concolorous above, convex and prominently and acutely ridged below; primary lateral veins 6-10 per side, arising at ca. 45° angle, arcuate toward apex, acute in deep valleys above, acutely raised to round-raised and 3-ribbed below (connecting directly to ribs on petioles), all the major veins of the lower surface denticulate- scaly on lower surface; tertiary veins deeply sunken above, prominently raised below; the area between the tertiary veins divided into markedly raised ridges, some of these even excavated to form pockets; basal veins 6-7 on both sides, 1st to 3rd pair free to the petiole, the remaining 3-4 coalesced .(3-)7.5-15 cm, 1-2 of the highest order (most distal from apex) free to the margin, the remainder joining a collective vein; posterior rib naked 2-3 cm; collective veins arising from one of the lowermost basal veins usually the 5th or 6th (sometimes the 2nd or 3rd in mature blades) and extending ca. 5 mm from margins all the way to the apex; surface epunctate. INFLORESCENCES erect, held above the leaves; peduncle pale green, 5 or more winged-angulate, equal to or slightly longer than the subtending petioles; spathe reflexed, to 12.5 cm long, to 3.7 cm with lanceolate, bright white, narrowly long acuminate at apex, obliquely inserted, cordate and somewhat clasping at base prominently greenish-veined on lower surface, somewhat pink-tinged on upper surface; spadix medium green, pale yellow at anthesis, sometimes bicolorous with the lower portion yellow and the remainder green, to 10.5 em long, sessile weakly tapered to apex, narrowly rounded at base. INFRUCTESCENCE not seen.

    Habitat

    It occurs along streams in usually dense shade.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Anthurium splendidum W.Bull ex Rodigas appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 12, 1997 Croat, T.B. [80719], Colombia K000457178
    Aug 12, 1997 Croat, T.B. [80719], Colombia K000457179
    Aug 12, 1997 Croat, T.B. [80719], Colombia K000457180
    Colombia K000434447 Unknown type material
    Colombia K000434449 Unknown type material
    Colombia K000434448 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], Colombia K000511302

    First published in Ill. Hort. 30: t. 510 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. & Cirino, R.N. A review of the Anthurium splendidum complex (Araceae). Aroideana 28, 52–64 (2005).

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0