1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium umbrosum Liebm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (N. Oaxaca).

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Endemic to Mexico and known only from northern Oaxaca, principally in ihe Sierra de Juarez, south of Valle Nacional on the Atlantic slope.
    General Description
    Terrestrial to 1 m tall; stems 2.5-3 cm diam.; internodes very short; leaf scars to 2 cm wide; roots few, moderately thin, descending; cataphylls coriaceous, sometimes tinged with purple, 5-9 cm long, emarginate and long-apiculate at apex, drying dark tan (B & K Yellow 6/7.5), weathering into longitudinal fibers and persisting. LEAVES with petioles arching, subterete, sometimes narrowly and bluntly sulcate, or weakly flattened adaxially, 12-46 cm long; geniculum 0.7-1.1 cm long; blades medium thick, narrowly ovate to ovate-triangular, gradually long-acuminate at apex, deeply lobed at base, 20-43 cm long, 12-27 cm wide, broadest at base or midway between base and point of petiole attachment, the margin broadly undulate; anterior lobe 15-32 cm long, margin broadly convex, posterior lobes 4-14.5 cm long; sinus hippocrepiform to spathulate or parabolic, rounded to acute at apex; both surfaces semiglossy; the midrib convexly raised above, raised and conspicuously more acute below; basal veins 4-6 pairs, prominulous above, and below, third to sixth coalesced 2-3.5 cm, posterior rib straight to weakly curved, almost completely naked, the outer margin turned conspicuously upward; primary lateral veins 3-5 per side, departing midrib at ca. 50° angle, straight to weakly arching to collective vein, sunken above, flat to prominulous below; lesser veins visible, ± flat above and below; collective vein arising from the first basal vein, sunken above, raised below, 8-12 mm from the margin. INFLORESCENCE usually longer than leaves, spreading to pendent; peduncle 25-84 cm long, 2.5-3.5 mm diam., terete, at least twice as long as petioles; spathe coriaceous, green, sometimes tinged with violet-purple, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly ovate-triangular, 5.5-13 cm long, 1.5-3.3 cm wide, gradually long-acuminate at apex, narrowly inrolled to 2.5 cm long, rounded to subcordate at base, inserted at 45°-60° angle on peduncle; spadix green turning dark violet-purple to brownish at anthesis, 4.8-12.2 cm long, 5-12 mm diam. at base, 3-6 mm diam. at apex; flowers rhombic to sub-4-lobed, 3.3-4.1 mm in both directions, the sides straight to gradually to jaggedly sigmoid; 6-7 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 6-8 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals matte, weakly punctate, minutely papillate with scattered droplets, lateral tepals 2-2.5 mm wide, the inner margins broadly convex; pistils green, weakly exserted just before anthesis; stigma elliptic, conspicuously raised, large stigma drop apparent shortly before stamens emerge; stamens emerging from base in a regular pattern, the laterals first, soon followed by alternates, complete in basal one quarter before the laterals emerge just above midway; anthers cream, held in non-contiguous circle around pistil, ca. 1 mm long, 1-1.1 mm wide; thecae ovoid, slightly divaricate; pollen cream. INFRUCTESCENCE spreading to pendent; the spathe persistent; spadix 11-13 cm long, 1.7-2 cm diam., berries usually developing in basal one half to two thirds; berries bright orange, ± globose, usually with 4 radial ridges, the apex broadly rounded to nearly truncate; mesocarp juicy, somewhat pulpy, orange with numerous raphide cells; seeds 2, obovoid, 6-7.5 mm long, 4.5-6 mm wide, 3-4 mm thick, depressed at apex.
    Habitat
    It occurs in wet cloud forests on usually steep slopes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Southwest

    Anthurium umbrosum Liebm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000434044 Unknown type material

    First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1849: 21 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. 1983. A revision of the genus Anthurium (Araceae) of Mexico and Central America. Part I: Mexico and Middle America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden.. 70 (2): 211-420

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0