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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa, Angola.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Diagnostic
Spathe oblong-ovate or oblong-eliptic, never reflexed, and more or less fleshy. Sometimes spadix a little exserted. Spathe up to 4.5 cm long; almost twice to 4.5 times as long as broad.
Phenology
Flowering from July to January, fruiting from July to March
Habitat
Growing as a rule on rocky grounds on the banks of or in watercourses, on shady places in the forest.
Distribution
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Cabinda, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola.
General Description
Rhizome creeping, prostrate and rooting, 5-17 mm thick. LEAVES: Petiole 3-66 cm long, 0.7-1.7 x as long as the leaf-blade, glabrous or minutely puberulous. Sheath small or up to 1/2 of the petiole. Geniculum 1/2- 2 1/2 cm long. Leaf-blade 10-38 cm long, 3-13 cm broad, 2 to 6 times as long as broad, elliptic-ovate or elongate-lanceolate, obtuse, glabrous or (sometimes very sparsely) puberulous on the midrib and lateral nerves below, flat or more or less undulate, coriaceous, apex acute or acuminate, base acute, cuneate-obtuse, subtruncate, short sagittate or hastate. Basal lobes short or absent, obtusely rounded, separated by a very wide sinus. Numerous prominent lateral nerves with 2-4 less prominent lateral nerves between them, which unite mostly with the more prominent nerves before they reach the margin, at the edge anastomosing in 2-3 marginal nerves. Between the lateral nerves numerous slender, transverse veinlets. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle one third as long as to equalling the petiole, up to 27 cm long, slender, glabrous or minutely puberulous. Spathe l.5-4.5 cm long, 0.4-1.5 cm broad, almost twice to 4.5 times as long as wide, oblong-elliptic or ovate-oblong, glabrous, at the apex minutely apiculate, green or dark purple, opening to the base when flowering, but not reflexed. Sometimes spadix more or less exserted. After anthesis closing again tightly around the spadix. Spadix cylindrical, somewhat thick, equalling to twice as long as the spathe, 1.5-4.5 cm long. female part somewhat shorter or up to 2 x as long as the male part, 0.6-2.5 cm long. Anthers 4-6. Thecae on the side of the synandrium, sometimes only in the upper part (especially when dried the thecae may seem to be placed on the edge of the synandrium, as in A. gilletii), oblong-elliptic. Between the male and female part sometimes sterile bisexual flowers. male part densely, female part somewhat less densely flowered. Ovaries depressed-globose, green. Style short, stigma discoid, green. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries depressed-globose. Seeds small, 0.8-1.5 mm long, 0.5-1 mm broad; about 1.3-1.7 x as long as broad, yellowish, without any other coloured spots when dried.

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[CATE]
Use
The plant is used as a stomachic for children (Pierlot 1194).

Native to:

Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaïre

Anubias heterophylla Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 12, 1978 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [237], Angola K000499334 isolectotype
Jan 15, 1978 K000524001 syntype
Jan 15, 1978 Congo K000523999 lectotype
Jan 15, 1978 Congo K000524000 syntype

First published in A.L.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 2: 435 (1879)

Accepted by

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Berhaut, J. (1988). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 9: 1-522. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Crusio, W. 1979. A revision of Anubias Schott Araceae. (Primitiae Africanae 12). Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen. 79 (14): 1-48.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0