1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Valeriana L.
      1. Valeriana kilimandscharica Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical African Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Valerianaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Perennial rhizomatous subshrub 1–9 dm. tall, scrambling to reclinate or erect, ± tufted, rooting at the nodes from the creeping stems; rhizomes 1–10 mm. thick; stems rather profusely branched near ground level, leafy above, leafless below, woody, quadrangular in cross-section towards the top, terete below; internodes 0.3–2.0(–5) cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly cauline, membranous, spathulate, 0.8–4.1 cm. long, 0.3–1.5 cm. wide in the flowering shoots, 2.5–5.7 cm. long, 0.7–1.4 cm. wide on the vegetative shoots, obtuse to acute, shallowly crenate to almost pinnatifid on the petiole below (lobes diminutive) or entire, pilose to glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an aggregate dicha-sium, frequently globose to somewhat elongate, 0.8–4.8(–8) cm. long, 0.8–2.5 cm. wide; floral bracts cuneate-truncate, 2–8 mm. long, 0.8–3.0 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers nearly always perfect (plants occasionally gynodioecious), white, pink to purple or brownish-red.
    Calyx
    Calyx-limb short, cupuliform, ± dentate, not forming a feathery pappus in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate, 5-lobed, barely gibbous, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, glabrous throughout; lobes regular or slightly irregular.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3, included; anthers 4-lobed, white.
    Style
    Style 3-lobed, included in perfect flowers, slightly exserted in pistillate flowers.
    Fruits
    Achenes broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, 1.7–2.6 mm. long, 1.0–1.7 mm. wide, glabrous (in specimens from Mt. Kenya and Kilimanjaro) or pubescent (in most specimens from Aberdare Mts. and Elgon), brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    Habitat
    Upland moor, in short or tussock grassland and heath bogs, along streams and on wet rocks; 2800–4570 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 T2 U3 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

    Valeriana kilimandscharica Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1978 s.coll. [169], Kenya K000333945
    Jan 1, 1967 Bally, J. [163], Kenya K000333941
    Jan 1, 1967 Dale, I.R. [2694], Kenya K000333935
    Jan 1, 1967 Williams, J.G. [6436], Kenya K000333943
    Jan 1, 1967 Verdcourt, B. [1218], Kenya K000333938
    Jan 1, 1967 Hedberg, O. [3180], Kenya K000511278
    Jan 1, 1967 Armstrong, K. [3665], Kenya K000333936
    Jan 1, 1967 Lugard, E.J. [404], Kenya K000511277
    Jan 1, 1967 Leakey, D.G.B. [1254], Kenya K000333939
    Jan 1, 1967 Pelley, S.L.E. [3434], Kenya K000333942
    Jan 1, 1967 Rob, E. [1379], Kenya K000333937
    Jan 1, 1967 Rob, E. [2471], Kenya K000333950
    Jan 1, 1957 Adamson, J. [476], Kenya K000511276
    Mabberley, D.J. [416], Kenya K000333944
    Hedberg, O. [4427], Kenya K000333940
    Fries, R.E. [1379], Kenya K000252338
    Volkens, G. [1533] K000252337 holotype
    Jan 1, 1956 Hedberg, O. [1549], Kenya Valeriana kilimandscharica subsp. aberdarica K000333948

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 47: 48 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Valerianaceae: 1-9.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Valerianaceae: 1-9.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meyer in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 763, fig. 1 (1958).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 181–183, 330–331(1957).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 62(1948).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19, Beibl. 47: 48 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0