1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carlephyton Jum.
      1. Carlephyton diegoense Bogner

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Madagascar.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Phenology
    Flowering in the month of November 1968 and autumn 1969 and the month of July 1970 and also June1971-1975 in the botanical garden of Munich. Very rare.
    Habitat
    Growing in a shaded places, in humus forming (pH 5.4-5.8) in the cracks of limestone formations, in and associationed with Colletogyne perrieri, C. diegoense
    General Description
    Perennial tuberous herb, tuber, with a period of dormancy during for several dry months during the dry season (April to October); tuber globose, flattened, 3-4 x 2-3 cm; LEAVES: 1-3 leaves (but up to 8 leaves when the plant is cultivated), appearing at the same time as or after the 2-3 inflorescences. Petiole 13-20 cm long, cylindric, a little flattened towards the top, green; sheath 3-12 cm long. Leaf blade ovatel, ± chordate and sometimes auriculate at the base, cuspidate at the apex, green, much paler on the upper surface, sometimes very sparsely mottled with red, 10-13 x 8-9.5 cm, decurrent on the petiole; venation reticulate venation; midrib thick on both sides. 4-5 primary lateral veins on each side, the 2 to 3 lowermost inferior veins borne at the base of the midrib and usually joined briefly; 2 collective veins on the edge of the leaf blade, the inner one has a distance of 0.5-1cm from the side of the leaf, and a little more marked than the second which is the outermost, a little weaker, with a distance of 1-2mm from the edge of the leaf. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle 2-5 x 0.3 cm, green, tinted red. Spathe elliptic, ca 3.5 cm long, 1.6-2 cm wide, attenuating to a point, abruptly cuspidate, 2-3 mm long, dark greenish-red externally, purple when fresh, entirely open during anthesis and always longer than the spadix. Spadix 2.5 cm long; appendix 2-4 mm long; male zone 1.4-1.6 cm long; female zone 0.5 cm long, joined laterally with the spathe; 4-7 female flowers; male and female zones directly superimposed; male flowers little by little replaced by a short appendix, purple, terminal male flowers sterile. Male flowers composed of a flattened synandrium of (1-) 3 (-4) stamens; filaments at the apex ± free, very thick, bearing 2 thecae widely separated from each other; stamens isolated or arranged ± irregularly at the apex of the spadix; the terminallast male flowers have one stamen; the lower male interior flowers, of 1.5-2 mm diameter, yellowish to reddish; thecae globular globose to long, broadly elliptic, ca. 0.5 mm diameter, yellow, dehiscing from a long broad slit. Female flowers ca. 2 mm and 1.5-2 mm diameter; pistil surrounded by a urceolate synandrium urceolate with 3-4 incisions giving the impression of being 3-4 lobed (the synandrium is probably thus made of 3-4 staminodes); synandrium 1 mm tall, yellowish; ovary ellipticsoid ca.1 mm diameter, greenish-yellow-greenish, shortly attenuating in a very short style; the top upper part of the style is purple, coloring itself abruptly; suddenly turning yellow-greenish, like the ovary. Ovules subglobose, ca. 0.5-0.5 mm sub sessile. Stigma disc- shaped, concave in the center ca. 0.5 mm diameter, purple. INFRUCTESCENCE: Fruit unknown. Chromosome number 2n = ca. 108
    Diagnostic
    Male and female zones directly superposed; bisexual flowers absent; uppermost male flowers sterile; leaf blade pale green, shortly decurrent on the petiole.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Carlephyton diegoense Bogner appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bogner, J. [234], France 32427.000 isotype
    Bogner, J. [234], Madagascar 34035.000 isotype
    Bogner, J. [234], Madagascar 7700.000 isotype
    Bogner [234], Madagascar K000345968

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 18 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0