1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex harveyana H.Pearson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type from South Africa.
    Corolla
    Corolla 16–18 mm long, usually gland-dotted, pubescent, glandular hairs present, sweet-scented; tube creamy-white, 7–10 mm long, straight; lobes bright mauve or violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 8–12 × 9–12 mm Corolla 16–18 mm long, usually gland-dotted, pubescent, glandular hairs present, sweet-scented; tube creamy-white, 7–10 mm long, straight; lobes bright mauve or violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 8–12 × 9–12 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, truncate apex, not gland-dotted, pubescent at apex; style c. 15 mm long
    Fruits
    Drupe (5)10 × 7–10 mm, obovoid, rounded at apex, not enclosed in the enlarged calyx, black at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe (5)10 × 7–10 mm, obovoid, rounded at apex, not enclosed in the enlarged calyx, black at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Locally frequent, usually in thickets, on rocky outcrops and in seasonally dry drainage lines; 40–380 m.
    Note
    This species may be distinguished by its rather coriaceous leaflets, glabrous above and entire or widely dentate on the margins, and by its large (16–18 mm long) fragrant flowers and clearly exserted stamens.
    Distribution
    District code: MOZ M. Mozambique Also in South Africa (Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape) and Swaziland.
    Habit
    Straggling shrub or small tree 2–4(7) m tall; bark finely fissured, dark grey-brown; older stems red-brown tomentose; young stems yellow-brown tomentose, angular, often ribbed. Straggling shrub or small tree 2–4(7) m tall; bark finely fissured, dark grey-brown; older stems red-brown tomentose; young stems yellow-brown tomentose, angular, often ribbed
    Leaves
    Leaves 3(5)-foliolate; petioles 0.5–3 cm long, grooved; median petiolules 0.1–0.9 cm long; leaflets 1.5–5 × 1–2.4 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to narrowly obovate, ± rounded or bluntly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or widely toothed or crenate toward the apex, somewhat coriaceous, shiny dark green and glabrous on upper surface, sparsely pubescent beneath, nerves sunken above with reticulation ± raised beneath, often with tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves beneath. Leaves 3(5)-foliolate; petioles 0.5–3 cm long, grooved; median petiolules 0.1–0.9 cm long;  leaflets 1.5–5 × 1–2.4 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to narrowly obovate, ± rounded or bluntly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or widely toothed or crenate toward the apex, somewhat coriaceous, shiny dark green and glabrous on upper surface, sparsely pubescent beneath, nerves sunken above with reticulation ± raised beneath, often with tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple few-flowered dichasia 3.5–6 cm long, with scattered yellow hairs; bracteoles linear. Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple few-flowered dichasia 3.5–6 cm long, with scattered yellow hairs; bracteoles linear
    Calyx
    Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, somewhat accrescent in fruit; tube 4–4.5 mm long. Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, somewhat accrescent in fruit; tube 4–4.5 mm long
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, truncate apex, not gland-dotted, pubescent at apex; style c. 15 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Vitex harveyana H.Pearson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1901 Haygarth, W.J. [7462], South Africa K000192818
    Jan 1, 1901 Gerrard, W. [1250], South Africa K000192817
    unknown [11731], South Africa Vitex schlechteri K000192819

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5: 212 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 982 (2002).
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 195 (2001).
    • Bothalia 26 : 142 (1996).
    • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 613 (1993)
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 808 (1977).
    • Ross, Fl. Natal: 300 (1972).
    • Phytologia 8 : 40 (1961).
    • Estud. Ensaios Doc. Junta Invest. Ci. Ultramar [in Mendonça, Contrib. Conhec. Fl. Moçamb. II]: 171 (1954).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 56 (1928).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0