1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex mossambicensis Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 4–6(–18 fide Gillman 1136) m. tall; young shoots densely pubescent with pale ferruginous hairs; old stems pale fawn, glabrous, roughened with nodular petiole-bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic, 1.5–9.5 cm. long, (0.7–)3–3.8 cm. wide, acuminate, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous above, pubescent along midrib beneath and in axils of nerves or sparsely to fairly densely pubescent all over the lower surface; petiole (1.3–)2.5–5.5 cm. long; petiolules up to 2 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant, few in very slender dichasia 2–6 cm. long; peduncle 2–12 cm. long; true pedicels very short save that of central flower up to 2 mm. but other flowers when branches reduced to 1 flower appear to have stalks up to 9 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx conic, 2 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale blue or white with blue lower lip; tube 4 mm. long; limb ± 4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, 6–7 mm. diameter, glabrous; calycine plate flat, 6 mm. diameter, glabrescent or puberulous.
    Habitat
    Coastal scrub and thicket; 400–800 m.
    Distribution
    T8
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Ovary
    Ovary obovoid, not gland-dotted, with some hairs at apex; truncate at the apex; style c. 3.5 mm long
    Fruits
    Drupe c. 1 × 0.5 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, purplish-black at maturity, up to ± half enclosed in the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe c. 1 × 0.5 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, purplish-black at maturity, up to ± half enclosed in the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Coastal scrub and thickets; c. 10–500 m.
    Note
    The few specimens seen from the Flora Zambesiaca area are without flowers and fruit; and the features and measurements given above are from Tanzanian material.  Although there are some distinct similarities between V. mossambicensis and V. petersiana , the slender habit, long petiolules, leaflet size and consistency and the lax cymose inflorescence, they can usually be separated by the 3–5 leaflets in V. mossambicensis and 3 in V. petersiana.
    Distribution
    Mozambique District code: MOZ N. Also in Tanzania.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to c. 10 m tall; bark fissured, greyish-cream in colour; older stems grey-cream glabrous; young stems with scattered orange-tawny hairs, shortly tomentose only on buds. Shrub or small tree up to c. 10 m tall; bark fissured, greyish-cream in colour; older stems grey-cream glabrous; young stems with scattered orange-tawny hairs, shortly tomentose only on buds
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate; petioles 3–9 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–1 cm long; leaflets 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, median leaflet largest, obovate, curved downwards, acuminate at the apex, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded or cuneate at the base, entire or deeply toothed in the apical half, glabrous above, ± densely pubescent and sparsely gland-dotted beneath or pubescent only on the midrib and in the axils of nerves on the lower surface, nerves ± raised on both surfaces. Leaves 3–5-foliolate; petioles 3–9 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–1 cm long; leaflets 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, median leaflet largest, obovate, curved downwards, acuminate at the apex, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded or cuneate at the base, entire or deeply toothed in the apical half, glabrous above, ± densely pubescent and sparsely gland-dotted beneath or pubescent only on the midrib and in the axils of nerves on the lower surface, nerves ± raised on both surfaces
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, of slender simple few-flowered dichasia, 6–15 cm long, glabrous; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear. Inflorescence axillary, of slender simple few-flowered dichasia, 6–15 cm long, glabrous; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant. Flowers fragrant
    Calyx
    Calyx obconical, 5-toothed or truncate, with scattered hairs, not gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.5 mm long. Calyx obconical, 5-toothed or truncate, with scattered hairs, not gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.5 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla 12–13 mm long, not gland-dotted, pubescent; tube white, 3–5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve, spreading, middle lower lobe largest, 6–9 × 6–10 mm, blue. Corolla 12–13 mm long, not gland-dotted, pubescent; tube white, 3–5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve, spreading, middle lower lobe largest, 6–9 × 6–10 mm, blue
    Stamens
    Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs. Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs
    Pistil
    Ovary obovoid, not gland-dotted, with some hairs at apex; truncate at the apex; style c. 3.5 mm long.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Vitex mossambicensis Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 340 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 198 (2001).
    • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 57 (1992).
    • Phytologia 5 : 485 (1957).
    • Brenan, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Tang. Terr.: 643 (1949).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
    • Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Africa: 94 (1909).
    • F.T.A. 5 : 329 (1900).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).
    • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62, Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 329 (1900).
    • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 340 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0