1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex obovata E.Mey.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type from South Africa.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, not gland-dotted, tomentellous becoming puberulous or glabrescent outside, accrescent in fruit; tube 2.5–3.5 mm long; lobes 1–2 mm long, tomentellous outside and sparsely puberulous inside, spreading Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, not gland-dotted, tomentellous becoming puberulous or glabrescent outside, accrescent in fruit; tube 2.5–3.5 mm long; lobes 1–2 mm long, tomentellous outside and sparsely puberulous inside, spreading.
    Corolla
    Corolla 10–20 mm long, ± puberulous outside, gland-dotted; tube white, c.1.8 mm, funnel-shaped; lobes white or pale mauve, at obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 6–9 mm long Corolla 10–20 mm long, ± puberulous outside, gland-dotted; tube white, c.1.8 mm, funnel-shaped; lobes white or pale mauve, at obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 6–9 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs.
    Ovary
    Ovary obovoid, rounded at the apex, gland-dotted, puberulous except near the base; style c. 7–10 mm long
    Fruits
    Fruit an obovoid nut, c. 3 × 4 cm, truncate at the apex and sharply tipped with remains of the style, almost fully enclosed in the enlarged calyx, brownish to black at maturity; fruiting calyx bell-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Fruit an obovoid nut, c. 3 × 4 cm, truncate at the apex and sharply tipped with remains of the style, almost fully enclosed in the enlarged calyx, brownish to black at maturity; fruiting calyx bell-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Wooded grassland often on dry stony hillsides, seasonal water courses and riverine bush with Adina microcephala and mixed deciduous woodland; 200–600 m.
    General
    Characteristic features are the dark green leaves and the prominent chartaceous fruiting calyx enclosing the fruit.
    Distribution
    Mozambique District code: MOZ M. Also in South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape Provinces), Transkei and Swaziland.
    Habit
    Tree (2.5)3–7(9) m tall; bark fissured, light to dark grey; young branches and new growth densely puberulous to shortly pale yellow-tomentose. Tree (2.5)3–7(9) m tall; bark fissured, light to dark grey; young branches and new growth densely puberulous to shortly pale yellow-tomentose
    Leaves
    Leaves (4)5-foliolate, petiole 3–5 cm long, grooved at the base; median petiolules 0.3–1 mm long; leaflets 6–10 × 2.5–4 cm, elliptic, narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate, rounded and shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, drying dark green and somewhat darker above, sparsely pubescent or glabrous and gland-dotted above, pubescent and gland-dotted beneath, nerves raised beneath. Leaves (4)5-foliolate, petiole 3–5 cm long, grooved at the base; median petiolules 0.3–1 mm long; leaflets 6–10 × 2.5–4 cm, elliptic, narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate, rounded and shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, drying dark green and somewhat darker above, sparsely pubescent or glabrous and gland-dotted above, pubescent and gland-dotted beneath, nerves raised beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary of ± sturdy compound dichasia, 6–15 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–0.8 cm long, linear-spathulate. Inflorescences axillary of ± sturdy compound dichasia, 6–15 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–0.8 cm long, linear-spathulate
    Pistil
    Ovary obovoid, rounded at the apex, gland-dotted, puberulous except near the base; style c. 7–10 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Vitex obovata E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1999 Wilms, F. [159], South Africa K000249034 Unknown type material
    unknown [s.n.], South Africa K000192826
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Vitex wilmsii K000249027 Unknown type material
    Flanagan [578] Vitex wilmsii K000249029
    Flanaghan [1515] Vitex wilmsii K000249028

    First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 273 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 984 (2002).
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 202 (2001).
    • Bothalia 26 , 2: 147, fig. 7, 148 (1996).
    • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 618 (1993)
    • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 618 (1993).
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 810 (1977).
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 812 (1977).
    • Ross, Fl. Natal: 300 (1972).
    • Phytologia 6 : 22 (1957).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 74 (1928).
    • F.C. 5 , 1: 214 (1901).
    • F.C. 5 , 1: 216 (1901).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0