1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex patula E.A.Bruce

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type from South Africa (Limpopo Province).
    General
    Many-stemmed, spreading shrub (1)2.5–4(5) m tall; bark fissured, grey to greyish-brown; young branches orange-tawny tomentellous to shortly lanate on new growth
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, rounded and pubescent at the apex; not gland-dotted; style 3.5–4.5 mm long
    Fruits
    Fruit an ellipsoid-spherical drupe, 0.9–1.3 × 0.7–0.9 cm, apex rounded, the lower c. 1/3 enclosed in the enlarged calyx, black at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Fruit an ellipsoid-spherical drupe, 0.9–1.3 × 0.7–0.9 cm, apex rounded, the lower c. 1/3 enclosed in the enlarged calyx, black at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Deciduous woodland with Erythroxylon and Rinorea , and scrub, on sandy soil and often on rocky hillsides at low altitudes, and in coastal bush with Carissa and Mimusops sp. ; 20–400 m.
    Note
    V. patula has characteristically patent peduncles and small clusters of flowers, although this feature is not always clear in pressed specimens.  This species can be distinguished from specimens of V. mombassae with 3-foliolate leaves by the colour of the third degree veins on the leaflet lower surface (×50 magnification required): the veins are darker than the epidermis in V. patula but are concolorous with epidermis in V. mombassae .  5-foliolate specimens of V. patula , e.g. Pope, Biegel & Russell 1513 from Chiredzi in Zimbabwe (BR; K; SRGH), may be distinguished from V. ferruginea by having leaflets cuneate at the base, shorter petiolules and smaller flowers.
    Distribution
    Mozambique District code: ZIM E, ZIM S, MOZ Z, MOZ GI, MOZ M. Zimbabwe Also in South Africa (Limpopo Province).
    Habit
    Many-stemmed, spreading shrub (1)2.5–4(5) m tall; bark fissured, grey to greyish-brown; young branches orange-tawny tomentellous to shortly lanate on new growth.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3- sometimes 5-foliolate; petiole (1)3–7 cm long, terete; median petiolule 0.2–1.0 cm long; leaflets (1.5)3–9 × (1)1.5–4 cm, oblong-elliptic to narrow obovate, rounded-obtuse or in apical leaves shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, occasionally emarginate, cuneate at the base, entire or sometimes margin ± crenate in upper half, somewhat chartaceous, drying a dark olive-green, paler beneath, ± scabridulous above with minute bristles, sparsely puberulous to shortly lanate in young leaves beneath with hairs mainly on the nerves, gland-dotted, nerves not or slightly raised above, raised beneath, the blade flat not bullate. Leaves 3- sometimes 5-foliolate; petiole (1)3–7 cm long, terete; median petiolule 0.2–1.0 cm long; leaflets (1.5)3–9 × (1)1.5–4 cm, oblong-elliptic to narrow obovate, rounded-obtuse or in apical leaves shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, occasionally emarginate, cuneate at the base, entire or sometimes margin ± crenate in upper half, somewhat chartaceous, drying a dark olive-green, paler beneath, ± scabridulous above with minute bristles, sparsely puberulous to shortly lanate in young leaves beneath with hairs mainly on the nerves, gland-dotted, nerves not or slightly raised above, raised beneath, the blade flat not bullate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, patent spreading, of ± sturdy densely-flowered compound dichasia, 3–10 cm long, orange-tawny tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–1.5 cm long, usually linear. Inflorescences axillary, patent spreading, of ± sturdy densely-flowered compound dichasia, 3–10 cm long, orange-tawny tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–1.5 cm long, usually linear
    Calyx
    Calyx obconical, 5-lobed, gland-dotted, lanate outside with shortly tangled pilose hairs, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.3(2) mm long, erect. Calyx obconical, 5-lobed, gland-dotted, lanate outside with shortly tangled pilose hairs, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.3(2) mm long, erect
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 8 mm long, shortly lanate outside, not gland-dotted; tube creamy-white, 4–5 mm long, curved; lobes mauve, at an obtuse angle to the tube, middle lower lobe 2–2.3 × 2–2.3 mm. Corolla c. 8 mm long, shortly lanate outside, not gland-dotted; tube creamy-white, 4–5 mm long, curved; lobes mauve, at an obtuse angle to the tube, middle lower lobe 2–2.3 × 2–2.3 mm
    Stamens
    Stamens not exserted from the corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs. Stamens not exserted from the corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, rounded and pubescent at the apex; not gland-dotted; style 3.5–4.5 mm long.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Vitex patula E.A.Bruce appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 6: 237 (1951)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 984 (2002).
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 199 (2001).
    • Bothalia 26 , 2: 142, fig. 2, 143 (1996).
    • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 614 (1993)
    • Phytologia 6 : 44 (1957).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0