1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex petersiana Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Calyx
    Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, pubescent, gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 2 mm long; teeth 0.3–0.5 mm long, erect Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, pubescent, gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 2 mm long; teeth 0.3–0.5 mm long, erect.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 14 mm long, gland-dotted, pubescent, with glandular hairs, flowers sweet-scented; tube white, 5–6.5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve to violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 7–8 × 5 mm Corolla c. 14 mm long, gland-dotted, pubescent, with glandular hairs, flowers sweet-scented; tube white, 5–6.5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve to violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 7–8 × 5 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with scattered glandular hairs Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with scattered glandular hairs.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, with a few apical gland-dots, glabrous, rounded at apex; style c. 6.5–9 mm long
    Fruits
    Drupe c. 1.2 × 0.8–1 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, scarcely enclosed in the enlarged calyx, purple-black at maturity; fruiting calyx saucer-shaped, delicate, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe c. 1.2 × 0.8–1 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, scarcely enclosed in the enlarged calyx, purple-black at maturity; fruiting calyx saucer-shaped, delicate, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Hot, low-rainfall areas of the main river valleys, often in mopane woodland and scrub, and in mixed deciduous woodlands with Terminalia, Julbernardia , Combretum and Pterocarpus spp. , also on termite mounds; 200–900 m.
    Note
    This is a distinctive species with delicate branches, peduncles and pedicels.  The 3 leaflets are often irregularly serrate and covered with a whitish bloom.  The flowers are large and few and borne on long pedicels in lax inflorescences; the stamens are clearly exserted.  For its affinities, see V. mossambicensis .
    Distribution
    Mozambique Zimbabwe District code: MOZ N, MOZ E, MOZ S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM E, MOZ T, MOZ MS. Zambia Known only from the Flora Zambesiaca area.
    Habit
    Spreading shrub, often much branched from ground level, 1–8 m tall; bark smooth or fissured, flaking, dark or light grey-brown; older stems grey-brown pubescent and young stems orange-tawny tomentellous, shortly tomentose on buds. Spreading shrub, often much branched from ground level, 1–8 m tall; bark smooth or fissured, flaking, dark or light grey-brown; older stems grey-brown pubescent and young stems orange-tawny tomentellous, shortly tomentose on buds
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles 0.5–4 cm long, terete; median petiolules longest, 0.1–1 cm long, lateral petiolules short or absent; leaflets 1.3–5 × 1–3 cm, median leaflet largest, ovate-lanceolate to broad elliptic, rounded to acute at apex, rounded at the base, subentire to irregularly deeply serrate toward the apex,somewhat membranous, glabrous or with a few hairs mainly on the midrib on upper surface, puberulous especially on the midrib and paler beneath, nerves sunken above and ± raised beneath, reticulation delicate. Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles 0.5–4 cm long, terete; median petiolules longest, 0.1–1 cm long, lateral petiolules short or absent;  leaflets 1.3–5 × 1–3 cm, median leaflet largest, ovate-lanceolate to broad elliptic, rounded to acute at apex, rounded at the base, subentire to irregularly deeply serrate toward the apex, somewhat membranous, glabrous or with a few hairs mainly on the midrib on upper surface, puberulous especially on the midrib and paler beneath, nerves sunken above and ± raised beneath, reticulation delicate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple 1–7-flowered dichasia 3–5 cm long, with orange-tawny hairs; bracteoles linear, up to 1.5 mm long; pedicels to 10 mm long. Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple 1–7-flowered dichasia 3–5 cm long, with orange-tawny hairs; bracteoles linear, up to 1.5 mm long; pedicels to 10 mm long
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, with a few apical gland-dots, glabrous, rounded at apex; style c. 6.5–9 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Vitex petersiana Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1999 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000249044 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 1999 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000249045 Unknown type material

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 264 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 985 (2002).
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 201 (2001).
    • Kirkia 10 : 272 (1975).
    • White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 371 (1962).
    • Phytologia 5 : 314 (1955).
    • Estud. Ensaios Doc. Junta Invest. Ci. Ultramar [in Mendonça, Contrib. Conhec. Fl. Moçamb. II]: 171 (1954).
    • Gomes e Sousa, Pl. Menyharth.: 32 (1936).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
    • Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa 5 : 459 (1916).
    • Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Africa: 94 (1909).
    • F.T.A. 5 : 320 (1900).
    • Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C : 340 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0