1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex schliebenii Moldenke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Shrub 2.4–3 m. or tree 8–10 m. tall; bark grey-brown, smooth; innovations grey-tomentose; branches slender, 4-angled, densely spreading pubescent with brown hairs, at length ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3–)5-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 1.2–17 cm. long, 1.5–6 cm. wide, acuminate or less often rounded at the apex, acute to attenuate at the base, slightly scabrid above, densely pubescent with brown hairs beneath, longer on main venation, glandular; petioles 2.5–9 cm. long; petiolules ± 0–2.3 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences short, axillary near the apices of the branchlets, 2–3(–5) cm. long, 2 cm. wide, several-flowered; peduncles 1–1.2 cm. long, brown pubescent; pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 1.5–2 mm. long, shallowly toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, the lobe-tips cream or pale yellow, hypocrateriform; tube 2–2.5(–4 fide Moldenke) mm. long; lobes oblong-ovate 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Fruits violet or purple, 5 mm. diameter.
    Habitat
    Euphorbia, Commiphora, Strychnos bushland, Acacia scrub and thicket, often riverine or black clay; 5–550 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T8
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type from Tanzania.
    Stamens
    Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments glabrous Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments glabrous.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, gland-dotted at rounded apex, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long
    Fruits
    Drupe 0.5–0.7 × 0.4–0.6 cm, obovoid-spherical, black at maturity; fruiting calyx thinly saucer-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted. Drupe 0.5–0.7 × 0.4–0.6 cm, obovoid-spherical, black at maturity; fruiting calyx thinly saucer-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted.
    Ecology
    Mixed deciduous woodlands with Combretum , Commiphora , Colophospermum mopane and Terminalia spp ., at low altitudes, and in riverine thickets and woodland, often on termite mounds, on alluvium and sandy soils; 200–1500 m.
    Note
      V. schliebenii is the only species in the Flora Zambesiaca region in which the calyx is 4-toothed, the corolla 4-lobed and the style distinctly bifid.
    Distribution
    District code: ZIM W, ZIM E, MAL N, MAL S, MOZ T, MOZ MS, Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Also in Kenya and Tanzania.
    Habit
    Straggling shrub to 3 m or tree to 12 m tall with upper branches scandent; bark fissured, grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems 4-angled toward the apex, pale yellow tomentose. Straggling shrub to 3 m or tree to 12 m tall with upper branches scandent; bark fissured, grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems 4-angled toward the apex, pale yellow tomentose
    Leaves
    Leaves (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–12 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–3 cm long; leaflets 4–14 × 2.5–5.5 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to oblong-elliptic or obovate, acuminate or occasionally rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally dentate toward the apex; upper surface ± scabridulous with reticulation slightly sunken; lower surface paler, pubescent with hairs longer on the nerves, densely gland-dotted. Leaves (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–12 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–3 cm long; leaflets 4–14 × 2.5–5.5 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to oblong-elliptic or obovate, acuminate or occasionally rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally dentate toward the apex; upper surface ± scabridulous with reticulation slightly sunken; lower surface paler, pubescent with hairs longer on the nerves, densely gland-dotted
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or sometimes appearing terminal, of short slender few-flowered panicles, 1–5 cm long, creamy tomentose; peduncles spreading, sometimes horizontally, 1–1.4 cm long, pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm long; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear. Inflorescences axillary or sometimes appearing terminal, of short slender few-flowered panicles, 1–5 cm long, creamy tomentose; peduncles spreading, sometimes horizontally, 1–1.4 cm long, pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm long; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, c. 5 mm long, aromatic. Flowers actinomorphic, c. 5 mm long, aromatic
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 4-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 1.5 mm long; lobes 0.3 mm long, erect. Calyx campanulate, 4-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 1.5 mm long; lobes 0.3 mm long, erect
    Corolla
    Corolla 4-lobed, ± actinomorphic, 3–5 mm long, pubescent and gland-dotted outside, hairy in the throat; tube white or mauve, 2.5 mm long, straight; lobes yellow or mauve, spreading to reflexed, the 2 lower lobes 2 × 1.5–2 mm, the 2 upper lobes somewhat smaller. Corolla 4-lobed, ± actinomorphic, 3–5 mm long, pubescent and gland-dotted outside, hairy in the throat; tube white or mauve, 2.5 mm long, straight; lobes yellow or mauve, spreading to reflexed, the 2 lower lobes 2 × 1.5–2 mm, the 2 upper lobes somewhat smaller
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, gland-dotted at rounded apex, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Vitex schliebenii Moldenke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 1979 Schlieben, H. [6008], Tanzania K000192772 isotype

    First published in Phytologia 7: 85 (1959)

    Accepted by

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 987 (2002).
    • Kew Bull. 56 : 202 (2001).
    • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 57 (1992).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).
    • Mold. in Phytologia 7: 85 (1959).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0