1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Vitex L.
      1. Vitex zanzibarensis Vatke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Habit very variable; shrub 4–5 m. or tree 5–16(–24) m. tall and 1.3 m. diameter at breast height or scandent shrub to genuine liane; bark yellowish or brown, gnarled, flaking and longitudinally fissured or striated; underbark bright yellow with red streaks; stems grey, ± glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with pungent odour, 3–5-foliolate; leaflets sessile, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 3–13 cm. long, 1–6.5 cm. wide, long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, ± glabrous but gland-dotted above and beneath; petiole winged or unwinged, 1.5–9 cm. long, 0.2–1 cm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles terminal and axillary combined and lower axillary ones also sometimes present, extensive, ± 15 cm. long, 6–15 cm. wide; peduncles 3–7 cm. long; pedicels obsolete or very short, axes densely adpressed pubescent; bracts linear, 1 cm. long; bracteoles narrowly triangular, 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.5 mm. long, ribbed, adpressed pubescent and glandular, shallowly toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, bluish purple or mauve, adpressed pubescent outside; tube 3–4 mm. long, densely pubescent and glandular, limb 7 mm. wide, the small lobes 2.5 mm. long and wide and larger lip 3–5 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange to black, globose, 8–10 mm. diameter, juicy, the juice dark blue; calycine cup plate-like, 4–5.5 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Deciduous coastal thicket and dry forest, particularly at edges, woodland; 0–10 & 360–600 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Mozambique

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Vitex zanzibarensis Vatke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1303] K000192769

    First published in Linnaea 43: 533 (1882)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 642 (1949).
    • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62 Beibl. 141: 53 (1928).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 318 (1900).
    • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 339 (1895), as “sansibarensis”.
    • Vatke in Linnaea 43: 533 (1882).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0