1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dracunculus Mill.
      1. Dracunculus canariensis Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, Madeira.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Distribution. Atlantic Islands: Madeira, Gran Canada, La Palma, Tenerife
    Habitat
    Ecology. Laurel forest margins, open, dry woodland, scrubby field margins
    Diagnostic
    Although the inflorescence of D. canariensis is superficially similar to that D. vulgaris it appears that D. canariensis has evolved in association with a difierent pollinator. The pale spathe limb, yellow spadix appendix and semen-like odour attract small flies, wasps and small bees (Boyce, pers. obs.) The spathe tube gapes at the front and allows insects direct access to the flowers whereas in D. vulgaris the potential pollinators (large flies, Staphylinid and Scarabidinid beetles) enter the spathe tube and gain access to the flowers by descending the spadix appendix.
    General Description
    Slender, clump-forming herb to 1.5 m. Tuber 4-6 x 2-3 cm, solitary while immature, later producing numerous slender, 4-12 cm x 5-10 mm, simple to few-branched stolons from the upper surface, these soon producing shoots and tubers. Pseudostem 20-130 x 1-6 cm, pale glaucous,green. LEAVES 8-20 x 6-30 cm, pale to mid-glaucous green. INFLORESCENCE 24-55 cm in total length, newly opened inflorescence smelling of semen; peduncle mostly enclosed by.the pseudostem, visible portion 4-12 x 1-1.5 cm, glaucous green; spathe tube 4-8 x 2-3.5 cm, oblong-cylindric, weakly convolute to gaping, exterior glaucous green, interior pale greenish white; spathe limb 20-47 x 6-14 cm, narrowly ovatelanceolate, acuminate, exterior pale glaucous green, interior pale greenish white; spadix 16-42 cm in total length; spadix appendix 12-37 cm x 7-20 mm, briefly stipitate, slender cylindric to slender fusiform, pale yellow. Flowers; pistillate flowers arranged in an oblong zone 10-20 x 5-12 mm, ovary oblong-fusiform, 2-3 x 1-1.5 mm, pale greenish cream, stylar region similarly coloured, stigma 0.5-0.75 x 0.3 mm, punctate-conic, papillate, pale cream; staminate flowers arranged in an oblong zone 10-20 x 5-10 mm, anthers 1-2 x 0.75-1.5 mm, mid-yellow. INFRUCTESCENCE 2-5 x 2-3 cm, comprised of c. 50 berries, often partially to completely encased in the dry spathe tube remnants; berries obovoid, 4-6 x 3-5 mm, orange when ripe. Seed compressed globose, 2-3 mm diam., pale brown. Chromosome count 2n = 28

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Canary Is., Madeira

    Dracunculus canariensis Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Spain 29047.679
    29047.949
    Ridley, H.N. [s.n.] K000499436

    First published in Enum. Pl. 3: 30 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Boyce, P.C. 1994. The genera Dracunculus and Helicodiceros (Araceae: Aroideae). Thaiszia. 4: 175-182.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0