1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Epipremnum Schott
      1. Epipremnum aureum (Linden & André) G.S.Bunting

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Society Islands (Moorea).

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    French Polynesia, but now cultivated and frequently naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions. For a discussion of the synonomy see Boyce, Aroideana 27, 199–205. 2004.

    General Description

    Deciduous herb to 0.5 m tall. Subterranean stem a subglobose tuber, to 6 cm across × 4 cm high, tan outside, white inside. Pseudostem 10–17 × 1 cm, green, carmine or purple. Leaf solitary; cataphylls 2–10 cm long, pale carmine; petiole 15–35 × ca 1 cm, dark pink, sometimes with darker stripes; leaf blade trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic-ovate, 20–30 × 10–14 cm, margins undulate, apex acuminate ending in a short arista; central leaflet base convex, with a petiolule to 3.5 cm long; lateral leaflets slightly asymmetrical, base cuneate with a petiolule to 1.5 cm long, glossy medium green, with impressed veins above, paler underside with raised reddish veins. Inflorescence more or less held at foliage level; peduncle 15–25 cm long × ca 1 cm wide at the base, same colour as the petiole, or pale white-green; spathe tube cylindrical, to 5.5 × ca 2 cm, pale yellow-green to white with faint darker veins; spathe mouth margins hardly recurved, pale yellow-green; spathe limb horizontal, ovate, nearly the length of the tube, 4–6 × 4 cm, outside and inside yellow or light green, with a white spot, more or less conspicuous at the base; spadix appendix protruding from the tube, but shorter than the spathe, bent forward, 4–6 cm long, pale yellow-green, subulate, lower part conical, 4–5 mm wide, sessile, with long, yellow bristles, 1–1.7 cm long, in the middle part, and, in pistillate spadices, shorter and green projections, 4–8 mm long, just above the pistillate flowers; fertile zone staminate or pistillate, 2.5–3.5 cm long; staminate flowers loosely arranged, 2–3-androus, anthers tan or grey to pale orange, on a green stalk, 2–3 mm long; thecae dehiscing by an elongate pore; pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries ovoid, green; stigma on a short style, penicillate, white. Infructescence on an erect peduncle, subcylindrical, to 8 × 2.5 cm; fruits ca 1 × ca 0.7 cm, prismatic, apically flattened with stigmatic remains, red-orange when ripe. Seeds unknown.

    Habitat

    Wet hill forest. ca 500 m asl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Society Is.

    Introduced into:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Guinea, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Malaya, Ogasawara-shoto, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Seychelles, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Suriname, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles

    Epipremnum aureum (Linden & André) G.S.Bunting appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1970 s.coll. [s.n.], Solomon Is K000950224

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 50: 28 (1964)

    Accepted by

    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Hernandez, J. (2007). In Hawaiian rainforests: exotic aroid ecologies Aroideana 30: 91-97.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Boyce, P. (2004). A Review of Epipremnum (Araceae) in cultivation Aroideana 27: 205-211.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415. [Cited as Epipremnum pinnatum 'aureum'.]
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah. [Cited as Epipremnum pinnatum.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Moreira de Andrade, I. & al. (2013). The Araceae in Ceará, Brazil: humid forest plants in semi-arid region Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 64: 445-477.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Buragohain, S. & Sarma, G.C. (2009). The exotic weeds of Guwahati, Assam and their role in employment generation Pleione 3(1): 45-49.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hernandez, J. (2007). In Hawaiian rainforests: exotic aroid ecologies Aroideana 30: 91-97.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vasular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0