1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Epipremnum Schott
      1. Epipremnum giganteum (Roxb.) Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China to Malaya.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam , southwards to Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia (type) and Singapore.

    General Description

    Evergreen herb to 0.8 m tall. Subterranean stem a rhizome, to 20 × 3–6 cm, light brown outside, purplish brown inside. Cataphylls separately sheathing petiole and peduncle, 10–20 cm long, brown; petiole to 70 × 0.8–2 cm wide, green and brown mottled; leaf blade trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic-ovate, to 30 cm long, margins entire and sometimes undulate, apex acuminate, ending in an arista 1 cm long, base convex, with a petiolule 1–5 cm long, plain glossy green, sometimes marked with creamy blotches and veins above, underside glaucous green. Inflorescence held well below the foliage; peduncle 18–25 cm long × 6–8 mm across, green and red mottled; spathe tube funnel-shaped, ca 6 × 1.5 cm at the base, widening to 2.5 cm near the mouth, pale green, white at the base; spathe mouth margins recurved, to 1 cm wide; spathe limb ovate-oblong, ca 7 × 3 cm, glossy dark green, ending in an acuminate–filiform tip to 1 cm long; spadix appendix hardly exserted from the tube, to 3.5 cm long × 2–3 mm wide, sessile, covered with filiform bristles from base to apex, these ca 1 cm long, red-brown or green; fertile zone staminate or bisexual, 3–4 cm long × ca 8 mm wide; staminate flowers 2–4-androus; anthers carmine, stalked, 1 mm long; thecae dehiscent by an oblong pore; pistillate flowers densely arranged; oblong-ovoid and flattened on top; stigma short-styled, white, penicillate. Infructescence on an erect peduncle, cylindrical, to 6.5 × 3 cm; fruits red when ripe, prismatic, ca 1.2 cm wide, somewhat lobed, flattened and depressed on top, up to 2 seeds per berry. Seeds globose, 5–6 mm diam.

    Habitat

    Lowland damp forest, ridge vegetation, often established in oil palm plantations, on a variety of substrates including iron–rich alluvium.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sumatera

    Native to:

    Cambodia, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    Epipremnum giganteum (Roxb.) Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4442], Singapore Pothos giganteus K001039015

    First published in Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 45 (1857)

    Accepted by

    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0