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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb 0.9–1.8 m. tall, often ± glaucous when young from an orange ± ovoid tuberous rootstock to 15 cm. long, 5 cm. wide; stems often crimson, swollen at the nodes; plant glabrous except for ciliate stipules or very slightly pubescent; tendrils absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable, the upper pair often opposite, often red or edged with red, digitately 3(–5)-foliolate; leaflets sessile, linear to oblong-elliptic, 2–30 cm. long, (0.1–)4–10 cm. wide, acuminate or ± obtuse but apiculate at the apex, cuneate at the base, often folded, serrate or serrate-crenate but sometimes so shallowly so as to appear ± entire or only remotely denticulate; venation occasionally strongly raised and reticulate in mature leaves; petioles 0–10 cm. long; stipules lanceolate, 2.5–4 cm. long, 0.8–1 cm. wide, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lax, terminal, usually with 3 main branches each again branched, up to 30 cm. wide; peduncle to 25 cm. long and pedicels 3–6 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles subulate, ± 2 mm. long, deciduous.
Morphology General Buds
Buds oblong-cylindric, ± 3 mm. long, constricted just above the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.5 mm. long, entire or shallowly lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals greenish red, greenish yellow or whitish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits reddish purple turning blue-black or violet, or yellow, red or orange, often with a bloom, ellipsoid, 0.9–1 cm. (1.2 cm. in life) long, 4–7 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed usually 1, ellipsoid, 7 mm. long, 4 mm. wide; dorsal ridges well marked and with few transverse ridges.

[FWTA]

Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, with erect, fleshy stems to 4 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Glaucous green or dull mauve flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits red
Ecology
In savannah woodland.

Native to:

Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyphostemma junceum (Webb) Desc. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1968 Maitland, T.D. [1620], Cameroon K000093297
Milne-Redhead, E. [2559], Zambia 38499.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8131], Tanzania 4958.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7897], Tanzania 726.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7868], Tanzania 727.000
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Malawi K001044752

First published in Fl. Zambes. 2: 465 (1966)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • de Sousa, F., Figueiredo, E. & Smith,G.F. (2011). The genus Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston (Vitaceae) in Angola Bradleya. Yearbook of the British Cactus and Succulent Society 29: 79-92.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 410, fig. 119.7 (1990).
  • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 38, t. 11 (1972).
  • Descoings in Nat. Monsp., sér. Bot., 18: 222 (1967)
  • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 465 (1966).
  • Descoings in Notul. Syst., Paris, 16: 122 (1960) (nom. invalid.)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0