1. Family: Zingiberaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Aframomum K.Schum.
      1. Aframomum melegueta K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Rhizomes 2-3 mm. in diameter, relatively short so that the leafy shoots form loose clumps; scales chartaceous, brown, 3-4 cm. long.
    Shoots
    Leafy shoots 1-1.5 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly elliptic, 15-25 × 1.5-3 cm., caudate-acuminate, base cuneate, quite glabrous; nerves closely spaced, 29-35 per 5 mm. below, ± 23-28 per 5 mm. above but sometimes partly obscured by hypodermal sclerenchyma; ligule rounded, coriaceous, 1-2 mm. long; leaf-sheaths sulcate, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences from the base of the leafy shoot, 1-flowered; peduncle 2-4 cm. long, erect; bracts ovate, chartaceous, glabrous, up to 3.5 × 2.5 cm.
    Calyx
    Calyx spathaceous, glabrous, ± 4.5 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals pale mauve, the posterior elliptic, concave, ± 5 × 3 cm., the laterals narrowly triangular, ± 4.5 × 0.5 cm.
    Labellum
    Labellum ± 10 cm. long, the free portion broadly obovate, ± 6 × 5 cm., pale mauve with a yellow patch at the base.
    Stamens
    Free filament ± 2 cm. long; anther subterminal, 10-12 mm. long, the basal 6-7 mm. dehiscent; apex 3-lobed, the terminal lobe expanded, rounded, to ± 8 × 7 mm., the lateral lobes narrowly triangular, ± 4 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style filiform, glabrous; stigma trumpet-shaped with ciliate margins.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovoid, to 12.5 × 5.0 cm. including a tubular beak ± 5.5 cm. long formed from the persistent accrescent calyx, smooth, red when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly obovoid, 4 ×3 mm., red-brown, tuberculate.
    Habitat
    Forest margins and clearings; widely cultivated in West Africa (see Lock, Hall & Abbiw in Econ. Bot. 31: 321-330 (1977))
    Distribution
    West Africa from Cameroun to Sierra Leoneintroduced in South America U4
    [FWTA]

    Zingiberaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    Tufted with leafy stems up to 3 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences at the base of the leafy stems, 1-flowered, very short
    Labellum
    Labellum pink or lilac
    Ecology
    In shade, often cultivated.

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Guinea-Bissau

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Aframomum melegueta K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1511], Cameroon K000108484
    Mann, G. 32147.000
    Pereira, Guyana 32365.000

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 46: 204 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Aframomum grana-paradisi.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hepper in Kew Bull. 21: 130, t. 7 (1967)
    • Koechlin in Fl. Cam. 4: 68, t. 14.
    • Koechlin in Fl. Gabon 9: 58, t. 12
    • in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 46, Zingib.: 204 (1904)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 76 (1968).
    • Hepper in Kew Bulletin 21: 130, t. 7 (1967)
    • K. Schum. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 46: 204 (1904).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0