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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Myanmar, N. & Dry Tropical Africa.
Echinops grijsii


Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial spiny herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sessile, often dissected; leaves near the base of the stem larger and wider than those nearer the synflorescences
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula with a single floret; many capitula packed into dense synflorescences, these terminal and globose or ellipsoid, subtended by few bracts; capitula with or without basal setae; phyllaries 3–5-seriate, the outer free, the inner connate at the base, the outermost smallest and often spatulate with a laciniate apex, the inner more lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, red or blue, tube cylindric with campanulate distal part, lobes long and linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers long-exserted and with hairy tails.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style branches often hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes ascending-pilose; pappus of short scales.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

California, Colorado, Connecticut, Denmark, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New South Wales, New York, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Saskatchewan, Sweden, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Echinops L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 430.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 22: 113 (1968)
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 356 (1754)
  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 136 (1994)
  • Mesfin in K.B. 52: 879 (1997)
  • Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.