1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Echinops L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial spiny herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sessile, often dissected; leaves near the base of the stem larger and wider than those nearer the synflorescences
    Capitulum
    Capitula with a single floret; many capitula packed into dense synflorescences, these terminal and globose or ellipsoid, subtended by few bracts; capitula with or without basal setae; phyllaries 3–5-seriate, the outer free, the inner connate at the base, the outermost smallest and often spatulate with a laciniate apex, the inner more lanceolate
    Corolla
    Corolla white, red or blue, tube cylindric with campanulate distal part, lobes long and linear.
    Anthers
    Anthers long-exserted and with hairy tails.
    Style
    Style branches often hairy
    Fruits
    Achenes ascending-pilose; pappus of short scales.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    California, Colorado, Connecticut, Denmark, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New South Wales, New York, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Saskatchewan, Sweden, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Echinops L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 814 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 430.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mesfin in K.B. 52: 879 (1997)
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 136 (1994)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 22: 113 (1968)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 356 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0