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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Sahara to Tanzania and India, Angola to S. Africa.
Zygophyllum simplex

[FWTA]

Zygophyllaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A diffuse wiry undershrub a few inches high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow.

[FTEA]

Zygophyllaceae, M. Nabil El Hadidi (Faculty of Science, Cairo University). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous bright green annual or biennial, rarely a perennial herb or subshrub; branches prostrate, up to 40 cm. long; internodes 2-4 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple; blade sessile, cylindrical to obovate, fleshy, obtuse, up to 15 mm. long and 4 mm. across; stipules membranous, filiform 1-1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers minute, 5 mm. in diameter, solitary at each node.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals 5, obovate, 2-3 × 1-2 mm.; petals 5, yellow, spathulate, 3 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10 in 2 whorls; filaments 2.5 mm. long; basal scale bifid to bipartite, 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, 1 mm. in diameter, distinctly lobed, glabrous; style cylindrical, 1.25 mm. long; stigma simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule pear-shaped, glabrous, 2 × 2 mm., deeply 5-lobed, septicidal; stalk 2 mm. long; style persistent.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
Open places in deciduous bushland, often on sand or lava, or coastal; 0-600 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K7 T widespread in the drier parts of Africa and W. Asia (Sahara, Red Sea coasts, Horn of Africa, coastal regions of Angola, Namibia and South Africa, also Arabia to India and Pakistan)

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Widespread in drier parts of Africa and West Asia eastwards to India.
Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herb, spreading, with up to 40 cm long stems, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, sessile, cylindrical to obovate, fleshy, up to 15 x 4 mm; stipules membranous, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or in pairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals obovate, c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, c. 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filament scale bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous; style c. 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, c. 2.5 x 2 mm, deeply 5-lobed.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara, Yemen

Zygophyllum simplex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [179], Cape Verde K001134618
Jul 20, 1981 Emden, H.L. [15], Cape Verde K001134629
Ash, J. [713], Ethiopia 38458.000
Kotschy [134], Sudan K000417058
Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000417072
Eights [65], Cape Verde K001134628
Dinklage, M. [3178], Cape Verde K001134625
Zeyher [280], South Africa K000417073
[Loeb], E.M. [X2], Namibia K000417045
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134612
Milne [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134615
Mac Gillivray, J. [127], Cape Verde K001134614
McDonald [s.n.] K001134623
Lankaster, C.H. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134626
Edgeworth [1041], India K001134619
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134620
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134613
Vogel [120], Cape Verde K001134616
Forbes, J.A.L.S. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134611
Moseley [22], Cape Verde K001134621
Milne [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134622
Cardoso, J. [77], Cape Verde K001134627
Vogel [73], Cape Verde K001134617
Shantz, H.L. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134624
Bunge, A.A.Von. [s.n.] Zygophyllum portulacoides K000725123

First published in Mant. Pl.: 68 (1767)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • El Hadidi, M.N. (1972). Flora Iranica 98: 1-32. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.

Not accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Tetraena simplex.]
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève. [Cited as Tetraena simplex.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sen. 76.
  • —F.T.A. 1: 285

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • El Hadidi, N. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Zygophyllaceae: 1-14.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Osborne, J. (2015). Typification of Zygophyllum propinquum Decne. and Z. coccineum L. (Zygophyllaceae) and a key to Tetraena in SW Asia Kew Bulletin 70(38): 1-9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Shishkin, B.K. (ed.) (1950). Flora Turkmenii 5: 1-271. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Schreiber in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 5: 100-103 (1963)
  • A. Schreiber in Prod. Fl. SW.-Afr. 65: 18 (1966).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 256 (1951).
  • Hadidi in Webbia 33: 64, fig. 8 (1978).
  • L., Mant. Pl.: 68 (1767).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 285 (1868).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/