1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Glyphochloa Clayton

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is India.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect (4/6), or geniculately ascending (5/6), or decumbent (1/6); slender (4/4); 7-23.95-90 cm long. Culm-internodes terete (1/2), or channelled (1/2). Culm-nodes constricted (1/2), or swollen (1/2). Lateral branches lacking (1/5), or sparse (4/5), or ample (1/5). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades firm (8), or flaccid (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary. Peduncle widened at apex (1/1). Racemes single; unilateral. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subcylindrical and excavated. Spikelet packing abaxial. Rhachis internodes oblong (1), or clavate (1), or cuneate (4), or inflated (2), or hour-glass shaped (2). Rhachis internode tip transverse (8), or oblique (2); crateriform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels fused to internode.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (1), or awned. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (3), or oblong (4), or ovate (4); dorsally compressed; 2-4.596-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous (7/8), or pilose (1/8); base truncate; with central peg; inserted.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (1), or awned.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (3), or oblong (4), or ovate (4); dorsally compressed; 2-4.596-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous (7/8), or pilose (1/8); base truncate; with central peg; inserted.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets (1), or exceeding apex of florets (9); firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (3), or oblong (5), or ovate (3); indurate; 2-keeled; wingless (1), or winged on keel (9); 3-4 -veined (1/4), or 5 -veined (3/4), or 6 -veined (2/4), or 7-9 -veined (1/4). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (7), or ribbed (3). Lower glume surface smooth (1), or asperulous (1), or with hooked spines (1), or rugose (6), or cancellate (1); glabrous (8), or puberulous (2), or pubescent (2), or pilose (1). Lower glume apex entire (5), or lobed (5); 2 -fid (5/5); acute (3/5), or caudate (2/5); muticous (2), or awned (9). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or elliptic (7), or oblong (1), or ovate (2); membranous; without keels (1/6), or 1-keeled (5/6); wingless (9), or winged on keel (1); 3 -veined (7/7). Upper glume surface glabrous (8), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1). Upper glume apex acute (3/3), or acuminate (1/3).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (2), or barren (8); with palea (5), or without significant palea (5). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or oblong (7), or ovate (1); hyaline; 0 -veined (1/4), or 2 -veined (3/4); obtuse (2/2). Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (5), or ovate (5); hyaline; without keel; 0 -veined (2/4), or 1 -veined (1/4), or 3 -veined (1/4). Lemma surface smooth (9), or scaberulous (1); glabrous (9), or pilose (1). Lemma apex obtuse (1/1). Palea 1 length of lemma; hyaline (1), or membranous (9); 2 -veined (1/1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (2/2); fleshy (1/1); truncate (1/1). Anthers 3 (5/5).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (2/2); ellipsoid (2/2).
    Distribution
    Tropical Asia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Glyphochloa Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 35: 814 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0