1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Brachychloa S.M.Phillips

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes irregularly arranged along a central axis; racemes either long and deciduous or short, persistent and often crowded into a loose head, the spikelets shortly pedicelled, biseriate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–7-flowered, laterally compressed, disarticulating above the glumes and between the florets; glumes subequal, subcoriaceous, not exceeding the adjacent lemmas, the inferior 1–3-nerved, the superior 3–7-nerved; lemmas 3–7-nerved, lightly keeled, glabrous or pubescent on the margins, 2-toothed and mucronate at the apex; palea gibbous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic, sometimes trigonous in section, with free pericarp.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (1), or perennial (1). Stolons absent (1), or present (1). Culms erect (1), or decumbent (1); 10-26.25-50 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis persistent (1), or deciduous from axis (1); angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-4.75-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-4.75-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined, or 2-3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 0.9-0.975-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined (1), or 5-7 -veined (1). Lemma midvein eciliate, or pubescent (1). Lemma margins eciliate (1), or pubescent (1). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid (1/1); isodiametric (1/1); trigonous (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces

    Brachychloa S.M.Phillips appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 37: 158 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kew Bull. 37: 158 (1982).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0