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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Neomicrocalamus Keng f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to S. Central China and Indo-China.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect (1), or scandent (2); 100-712-1560 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Culm-nodes flush with internodes (1/2), or swollen (1/2). Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement one (1), or several (2), or many (1). Culm-sheath blade inconspicuous, or linear (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong (1), or ovate (1). Leaf-blade midrib evident (1/1). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (2), or with distinct cross veins (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes (1/1); terminal and axillary (1/1). Racemes single (1/1); paucilateral (1/1); bearing few fertile spikelets (1/1); bearing 2-4 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Spikelets solitary (1/1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets (1/1); with diminished florets at the apex (1/1). Spikelets linear (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1); 25-30-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets (1/1); with diminished florets at the apex (1/1). Spikelets linear (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1); 25-30-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (1/1).
    Glume
    Glumes two (1/1), or several (1/1); persistent (1/1); shorter than spikelet (1/1). Lower glume lanceolate (1/1); membranous (1/1); 1-keeled (1/1). Lower glume apex acute (1/1). Upper glume ovate (1/1); membranous (1/1); without keels (1/1); 3-5 -veined (1/1). Upper glume surface pilose (1/1). Upper glume apex acute (1/1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate (1/1); membranous (1/1); without keel (1/1); 9-11 -veined (1/1). Lemma lateral veins prominent (1/1). Lemma apex acute (1/1). Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate (1/1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped (1/1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3 (1/1); ciliate (1/1). Anthers 6 (1/1). Stigmas 3 (1/1). Ovary umbonate (1/1); pubescent on apex (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 15-60 cm long; wiry. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs, or in threes. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-3 in the cluster; subequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.4-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.9 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 7 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma margins involute; ciliolate. Lemma apex acute; with a little green crest. Palea coriaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Tibet, Vietnam

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Neomicrocalamus Keng f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bamboo Res. 2(2): 10 (1983)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0