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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Old World to W. Malesia.

[FZ]

Elatinaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A tender glabrous creeping annual herb, often much branched and rooting at the nodes; branches up to 15 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, very shortly petiolate, 3–15 × 1–4 mm., ovate-oblong or linear-lanceolate, rounded or emarginate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, penninerved with 2–4 pairs of nerves; stipules minute, deciduous, ovate-triangular, margin undulate or dentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or obscurely pedicellate in the leaf-axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (2) 3, c. 0·5 mm. long, triangular, apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (2) 3, white or pink, 1–1·5 mm. long, ovate, apex obtuse, Stamens 3, slightly longer than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, with 3 minute spreading styles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 1·5 mm. in diam., subglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 0·5 mm. long, yellowish-brown, oblong-cylindric, slightly curved.

Native to:

Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China Southeast, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krym, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Romania, Sumatera, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Azores, California, Chad, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Haiti, Illinois, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Maine, Mali, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Niger, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Senegal, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Yukon, Zimbabwe

Elatine triandra Schkuhr appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bot. Handb. 1: 345 (1790)

Accepted by

  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rasteni? Respublika Alta?: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Santisuk, T. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2014). Flora of Thailand 11(4): 499-666. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2017). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 17: 1-434. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 299.
  • —Niedenzu in Engl. Pflanzenfam. 21: 276 (1925)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Bennett, B.A., Catling, P.M., Cody, W.J. & Argus, G.W. (2010). New records of vascular plants in the Yukon territory VIII Canadian Field-Naturalist 124: 1-27.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rasteni? Respublika Alta?: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Santisuk, T. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2014). Flora of Thailand 11(4): 499-666. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • USDA, NRCS (2005-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0