1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis deschampsiiformis C.E.Hubb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tristan da Cunha.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Butt sheaths coriaceous; persistent and investing base of culm. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 35-50 cm long; 2 -noded. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-7 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades erect; filiform; involute; 8-19 cm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; grooved adaxially; smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 13 cm long; 2-3 cm wide; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches 4-9 cm long. Panicle axis scabrous. Panicle branches terete; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; terete; 1-4 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1-1.6 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1-1.6 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume linear, or lanceolate; 7-9 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 8-10 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 2-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4.5-5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lateral lobes bidentate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; flexuous, or geniculate; 5.5-8 mm long overall; without a column, or with a straight or slightly twisted column. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Rhachilla extension 2-3 mm long; villous. Apical sterile florets 0-1 in number; rudimentary. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 0-3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; 2 mm long; dark brown. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
    Reference
    Aveneae. CEH 1999.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tristan da Cunha

    Calamagrostis deschampsiiformis C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 386 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0