1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa prunifera S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Borneo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 10 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 25 cm long; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths 15 cm long; green; glabrous; hairy on margins; auriculate; with 1-1.5 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 6-12 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5-1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade ovate; cordate; erect, or reflexed; 13 cm long; 25 mm wide; scabrid. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 6-8 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 1 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 17-25 cm long; 32 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 300 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7(-9) mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7(-9) mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 3 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate; 2 mm long; 7 -veined. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume oblate; 4 mm long; 13 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 15-19 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea present, or absent or minute; involute; hyaline; 6 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Filaments free, or united in groups. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 17-30 mm long; green; rugose; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dinochloa prunifera S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wong, K.M. [35153], Malaysia K000458160
    Dransfield, S. [776], Sabah K000290657 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [776], Sabah K000290658 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [841], Malaysia K000458158
    Dransfield, S. [841], Malaysia K000458159
    Dransfield, S. [776], Malaysia 66861.000 Unknown type material
    Dransfield, S. [776], Malaysia 66862.000 Unknown type material
    Dransfield, S. [776], Malaysia 77755.000 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 36: 622 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0