1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa scabrida S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & E. Borneo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20-25 cm long; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths purple; smooth; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 2 mm high; entire. Culm-sheath blade triangular; cordate; erect; 8.5-10.5 cm long; 25 mm wide; glabrous on surface; acuminate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-25 cm long; 15-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins pubescent. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 300 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate; 1.5 mm long; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblate; 2 mm long; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma orbicular; 2.3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex truncate. Palea involute; 3 mm long; coriaceous; 8 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 5 mm long; smooth; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dinochloa scabrida S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dransfield, S. [746], Sabah K000290654 holotype
    Dransfield, S. [746], Sabah K000290655 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [SD840], Sabah K000795403
    Dransfield, S. [781], Malaysia 66932.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 36: 628 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0