1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa sipitangensis S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Borneo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 9 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 25 cm long; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths smooth; glabrous; hairy on margins. Leaf-sheaths pubescent; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 14-15.5 cm long; 13-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 150 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 1 mm long; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; 1.5 mm long; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex truncate. Palea involute; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; 4-6 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 7-8 mm long; smooth, or rugose (slightly); glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dinochloa sipitangensis S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1981 Rundi, M. [43276], Malaysia K000290653 holotype
    Beccari, O. [2292], Sarawak K000912025
    Beccari, O. [2292], Sarawak K000912026

    First published in Kew Bull. 36: 620 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0