1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa sublaevigata S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Borneo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 30-35 cm long; smooth; distally hispid. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths 8-15 cm long; glabrous, or pubescent; hairy on margins; auriculate; with 3 mm high auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 1-2 mm high; entire. Culm-sheath blade ovate; reflexed; 8.5 cm long; 20-25 mm wide; glabrous on surface; attenuate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 30-40 cm long; 45-65 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 200-300 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate; 1.5 mm long; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblate; 2 mm long; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma orbicular; 3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; 3.5 mm long; coriaceous; 8 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 9 mm long; rugose; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dinochloa sublaevigata S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dransfield, S. [720], Sabah K000290652 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [720], Sabah K000290651 holotype
    Dransfield, S. [720], Malaysia 66240.000 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 36: 626 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0