Skip to main content

This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Tanzania, Yemen.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Tree to 20 m tall, with fissured bark
Juvenile leaves simple, ± deeply palmately lobed, the adult ones digitately compound with petiole up to c. 40 cm long; leaflets 3–7, ovate, hairy to glabrous, (5–)6–13(–18) x 3–7(–9) cm, acuminate at the apex, cuneate to cordate and slightly asymmetric at the base, with serrate or crenate margin; petiolules up to 6 cm long
Flowers sessile, in spikes up to 12(–15) cm long, spikes often many together; bracts subtending flowers scale-like, c. 1 mm long
Fruit subglobose, 3–6 mm long.
N1–3; Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Dem. Rep. Congo
Altitude range c. 1200–2000 m.
Waxara guur (Somali).


Araliaceae, J. R. Tennant. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

A tree to 20 m. tall with a straight bole sometimes exceeding 1 m. in diameter and 10 m. or more tall in well grown specimens; bark rather fissured, shed in oblong papery scales.
Leaves digitately compound; petiole up to 41.5 cm. long, glabrous or virtually so; lamina up to 36 cm. wide by about half as long; leaflets 3–7, chartaceous, ovate, up to 18.5 cm. long by 9 cm. wide, acuminate to caudate, with a cuneate to cordate, symmetric or asymmetric base, with serrate to crenate or entire margin, glabrous or puberulous, often with very fine silky-white scattered hairs and sometimes a few short crisped hairs; petiolules up to 7 cm. long; juvenile leaves (fig. 2/3, 4) simple, palmately lobed.
Flowering spikes up to 30 together, usually less than 15, up to 25 cm. long, dense or somewhat lax; floral bracts scale-like, with or without an apiculum, or peg-like, nearly glabrous or densely pubescent.
Fruits 4–6 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous, sometimes galled (see note on p. 1).

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

Cussonia holstii Harms ex Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Troupin, G. [4228], Congo, DRC 4972.000

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 64 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 52 (1961).
  • Tennant in Kew Bulletin 14: 223 (1960).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 34 (1952).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 59 (1949).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 691 (1948).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 115 (1936).
  • Lebrun in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 17 (1934).
  • Harms in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 298 (1895).
  • Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1894: 64 (1894).
  • Harms in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3 (8): 54 (1894)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.