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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Cryptotaenia DC.
      1. Cryptotaenia polygama C.C.Towns.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herb, ± 0.5–2.5 cm., with an underground creeping rootstock, sparingly branched above.
    Stem
    Stem ± terete, hollow, pale-striate, glabrescent below the inflorescence to ± furnished throughout with brownish multicellular hairs.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves long-petiolate (petiole ± 8–16 cm.), bi- or subtripinnate, deltoid in outline, the lower pinnules also stalked; leaflets ovate to elliptical, acuminate or acute, cuneate to subcordate at the base, regularly or irregularly jaggedly toothed with mucronate teeth, terminal leaflets largest, entire or trifid, ± 2–4 × 1–2.5 cm., rhachis and all leaflets ± multicellular-pilose at least on the primary venation of the lower surface; sheaths short and broad, oblong to triangular, striate; lower stem leaves similar but more shortly petiolate; median stem leaves more deeply toothed and with longer and narrower leaflets, the terminal longest, ± 3–8 × 0.7–2 cm., sheaths longer and narrower; uppermost leaves very deeply and narrowly divided.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels numerous, on divergent subglabrous to multicellular-pilose, 2–8 cm. peduncles; rays (3–)4–6, distinctly multicellular-pilose (rarely subglabrescent when past fruiting), 1–3.5 cm.; involucre of 1–3 linear bracts ± 1 cm. long; flowers (4–)7–9 in each partial umbel, of which 2–3 are hermaphrodite and producing fruit on 3–12 mm. pedicels, the remainder ♂ on 2–4 mm. pedicels, all pedicels pilose; involucel of 1–3 linear bracts ± equalling the pedicels of the ♂ flowers.
    Corolla
    Petals ± 1 mm., white, occasionally greenish or violet tinged.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with rounded, cushion-like stylopodia bearing no styles.
    Male
    Male flowers with rounded, cushion-like stylopodia bearing no styles.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovate, 3–5 × 2.5–3 mm., laterally compressed, distinctly short-pilose when young but glabrescent at maturity, blackish when ripe with greenish ribs; calyx-teeth totally obsolete; stylopodia long-conical, shorter than the ± 1 mm., divergent or somewhat recurved styles.
    Figures
    Fig. 19/A–E.
    Habitat
    In montane forest and forest patches as an occasional ground layer in glades, in grass among rocks by stream in partly open forest; 1510–2500 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Other Data

    Cryptotaenia polygama C.C.Towns. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Peter, A. [56309], Tanzania K000311114 holotype
    Peter, A. [56309], Tanzania K000311115

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 38: 57 (1983)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • C.C. Townsend in Kew Bulletin 38: 57 (1983).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0