1. Family: Araliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cussonia Thunb.
      1. Cussonia spicata Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa, Comoros.

    [FTEA]

    Araliaceae, J. R. Tennant. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A tree up to 17 m. or more tall, unbranched or with a sparingly branched bole, bearing a crown of large digitately compound leaves.
    Leaves
    Petiole up to 67 cm. long and 1 cm. diameter, glabrous or minutely pubescent especially in stipular region; leaflets 6–12, sessile to petiolulate, rather coriaceous, pinnatifid to partially pinnate (fig. 2/1, 2), up to 35 cm. long by 19 cm. wide, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs; petiolules up to 8 cm. long, often narrowly winged for some distance.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes pedunculate (fig. 3/3); flowering region occupying one-quarter to six-sevenths of the rhachis; floral bracts up to 3 mm. long, ciliate, inconspicuous.
    Fruits
    Fruits subobconical to wedge-shaped, often constricted immediately below stylopodium, up to 12 mm. long, glabrous or minutely puberulous.
    Figures
    Figs. 2/1, 2 (p. 9), 3/3 (p. 10).
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest, upland dry evergreen forest, grouped-tree grassland; 1450–2550 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3
    [FZ]

    Araliaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Tree up to 17 m. high, but commonly 5–10 m., often with an unbranched trunk, but sometimes with sparse branches.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 6–9(12), up to 30(35) × 15(19) cm., sessile or with distinct petiolules, coriaceous, glabrous to subglabrous; lobes very variable in outline.
    Leaves
    Leaves of mature trees characterized by the presence of prominent wedge-shaped decurrent wings on the petiolules (connate stipules). Leaves digitately compound (but palmate or even simple and ± entire in juvenile forms); petiole up to 50(67) cm. long, usually glabrous but sometimes slightly pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes very dense, with obvious distinct peduncles and basal bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, with small narrowly lanceolate floral bracts; stylopodium short.
    Fruits
    Fruit obconical-ellipsoid, very densely packed together and consequently faceted, up to 12 mm. long, glabrous or very slightly puberulous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cussonia spicata Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gomes e Sousa, A., Mozambique 25697.000
    Timberlake, J. [5456], Mozambique K000614437
    Mphamba [104], Mozambique K000614312

    First published in Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 2, 3: 212 (1780)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 312 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 54, fig. 10/A (1961).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 34 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 59 (1949).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 115 (1936).
    • Bews & Aitken in Bot. Survey S. Africa, Mem. 5: 56 (1923).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 782–783, fig. 326/F, G (1921).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile B: 342 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 32 (1877).
    • Sond. in Fl. Cap. 2: 568 (1861–62).
    • Thunb. in Nov. Act. Soc. Sc. Ups. 3: 212, t. 13 (1780).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/