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  1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Croton L.
      1. Croton megalocarpoides Friis & M.G.Gilbert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Mozambique (Evati).

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A monoecious shrub or small tree to 8 m.
    Bark
    Bark grey, fissured into rectangular scales.
    Twigs
    Young twigs and petioles densely lepidote.
    Leaves
    Petioles 1.5–4 cm. long; leaf-blade ovate, rarely elliptic, 3.8–9.2 cm. long, 2.2–4.8 cm. wide, obtusely acuminate, subtruncate to cordate, with 2–4 sessile basal glands, entire, lateral nerves (5–)7–9 pairs, uniformly sparingly stellate-puberulous above, densely silvery lepidote and sparsely brown flecked beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, 1.5–7 mm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, 6–19 cm. long, mostly ♂ with 1–few ♀ flowers at the base; bracts lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, soon deciduous.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 2–3 mm. long; calyx-lobes 5, lanceolate, 3.7 mm. long, 1.8 mm. wide, densely lepidote without, densely pubescent within; petals 5, lanceolate, 3.5 mm. long, 1.7 mm. wide, subacute, indumented as the sepals; stamens 30, filaments ± 6 mm. long, sparingly pilose below, anthers 1.6 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:pedicels as in ♂; calyx-lobes 5, ovate-deltoid, 3.3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, otherwise as in ♂; petals resembling the calyx-lobes; staminodes sometimes present and well-developed; ovary globose, densely lepidote; styles 3, flattened, palmatifid into ± 8 lobes, lepidote without towards the base. Male flowers:pedicels 2–3 mm. long; calyx-lobes 5, lanceolate, 3.7 mm. long, 1.8 mm. wide, densely lepidote without, densely pubescent within; petals 5, lanceolate, 3.5 mm. long, 1.7 mm. wide, subacute, indumented as the sepals; stamens 30, filaments ± 6 mm. long, sparingly pilose below, anthers 1.6 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels as in ♂; calyx-lobes 5, ovate-deltoid, 3.3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, otherwise as in ♂; petals resembling the calyx-lobes; staminodes sometimes present and well-developed; ovary globose, densely lepidote; styles 3, flattened, palmatifid into ± 8 lobes, lepidote without towards the base.
    Fruits
    Fruit depressed-trilobate-globose, 2 cm. long, 2.2–2.5 cm. diameter, tardily loculicidal, rugulose, lepidote, ochraceous; endocarp woody, 3 mm. thick.
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed-ellipsoid, ± 1.2 cm. long, 9 mm. wide, 6 mm. thick, slightly shiny, light brown, ecarunculate.
    Habitat
    In semi-evergreen coastal forest and in bushland, often where extra water collects at base of rock outcrops and hills; 5–50 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Very like C. steenkampianus in vegetative features, but with the fruits up to 1.7–2 × 1.7–2 cm, and subindehiscent to tardily loculicidally dehiscent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania

    Other Data

    Croton megalocarpoides Friis & M.G.Gilbert appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, D.W. [3727], Tanzania K000453332
    Bidgood, S.C. [1763], Tanzania K000453333

    Bibliography

    First published in Nordic J. Bot. 4: 328 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Friis & Gilbert in Nord. Journ. Bot. 4: 328 (1984).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0