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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Satanocrater Schweinf.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Shrubby herbs or shrubs; stems and leaves with scattered to dense subsessile peltate scale-like glands; cystoliths conspicuous
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, entire
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary; bracts like vegetative leaves; bracteoles persistent
    Calyx
    Calyx large, inflated, longitudinally 5-ribbed or almost winged, shortly 5-lobed, with peltate scales
    Corolla
    Corolla hairy and with peltate scales, contorted in bud, subactinomorphic to distinctly 2-lipped; cylindric part of tube short or long, throat long; lobes 5, spreading or reflexed, subequal or middle in lower lip reduced to a tooth
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, subequal or didynamous, inserted at base of throat, exserted or included in throat; free part of filaments fused at base and running like two ridges to base of tube; anthers 2-thecous, thecae linear-oblong, rounded at base and apex, no spurs
    Ovary
    Ovary with 2 ovules per locule.
    Style
    Style filiform, hairy throughout; dorsal stigma lobe reduced to a small tooth, ventral lobe large linear, flattened
    Fruits
    Capsule 4-seeded, clavate, glabrous; retinaculae strong, straight. Seed discoid, densely covered with thick clavate to almost globose hairs and with peltate scales
    Note
    4 species in tropical Africa north of the Equator. One disjunct between Guinea and the border regions between Sudan and NW Ethiopia and three in the Horn of Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Satanocrater Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 676 (1868)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 5: 68.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nord. J. Bot. 24: 385 (2007)
    • F.T.A. 5: 68 (1899)
    • Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. zum II–IV: 305 (1897)
    • Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 676 (1868)
    • G.P. 2: 1085 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0