1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus africanus Á.Löve

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms slender; 60-90 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; flexuous; bilateral; 13 cm long. Rhachis scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax; 2 their length apart. Rhachis internodes linear; 17-22 mm long. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent. Floret callus 0.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent. Floret callus 0.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes collateral; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; 9.5-10.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 9.5-10.5 mm long; 1-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate to oblong; 10-11 mm long; coriaceous; 5 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; recurved at base of limb; 25-30 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 3.2 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Triticeae. SMP 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia

    Elymus africanus Á.Löve appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1764], Ethiopia K000367324 isotype

    First published in Feddes Repert. 95: 468 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0